The Heirs of Austin Moore, Sr of Decatur County, Indiana
A lot of genealogy of the Austin Moore family has been passed down from one family historian to another, but not a lot of records! Most of what is found online is wrong and mixed up with other men named Austin Moore. A thorough review of records referring to the several Austin Moores in the USA can be found at the post “Austin Moore…and More Austin Moores.”
Austin Moore of Decatur County, Indiana
Records in Decatur County, Indiana, link Austin Moore to the man of that name from Mercer County, Kentucky. Additional deeds from Mercer link him to Bourbon County, Kentucky. In Mercer County, Austin is usually listed near a Mary (or Marah) Moore and a Joseph Moore. In Bourbon, he is connected with Mary Moore and Thomas Moore. Austin Moore appears on the Bourbon County, Kentucky, tax lists beginning in 1788.[i] He is first named on the Fayette County, Pennsylvania tax lists, as a single man, in 1786, next to Mary Moore and Thomas Moore (also a single man).[ii] Many of the relatives and neighbors of the Moores were also in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.
Proof of the move from Mercer County, Kentucky, to Decatur County, Indiana
Detail of the Decatur County, Indiana, patent naming Austin Moore Senr of Mercer County, Kentucky.[iii]
Detail of Mercer County Deed Book 1, page 455, showing Austin Moor of Mercer County purchasing land from John Hunt of Bourbon County.[iv]
Austin Moore’s first wife is unknown. So far, no records have surfaced to give us a first or maiden name. Some online trees name this wife as Mary Barnett, Mary Garrett, or Mary Barrett. All are incorrect as those are wives for other men: Mary Garrett married, 1794, Austin Moore of Laurens County, South Carolina;[v] Mary Barnett married, 1794, Elisha Moore[vi] of Lincoln Co, KY and Rush Co, IN. Mary Barrett is a conflation of Barnett and Garrett–she does not exist at all.
Austin Moore’s second wife was Martha “Patsy” Goulman. Some have placed Martha in the Goldman family of Washington Co, KY. This seems to be an assumption with no evidence. One Martha Golman is listed in the 1810 census of Mercer County, age 26-45, with a male under 10.[vii] This is likely a widow, although it could be a single woman with an illegitimate child. No records of a Goulman/Goldman leaving a son have been found yet. Martha married on20 July, 1815, and the consent given the same day by Alexander Black says she is 35 years old.[viii] No relationship to Black is given.
Through the power of assumptive genealogy, Austin Moore has been blessed with several children. Unfortunately, little or no records are provided to prove those children. Indeed, even in my own family tree, I have named the following–most based on assumptions!–as children of Austin Moore:
- John Moore, born about 1788. He is probably listed on the 1810 census, next to Austin. He appears in the 1850 census of Shelby Co, IN, age 62. His wife is Cassandra Martin, married in 1812 in Mercer County, KY.
- Stephen Moore. He signs some marriage bonds in Mercer and Washington Co, KY. This Stephen may be living in DeKalb Co, TN in 1850, where he is married to a widow Hendrickson.
- Jemima Moore. She married Seperate Hendrickson in 1820. Austin Moore is bondsman. They moved to Shelby Co, IN, where Seperate died in 1838. No widow is named, so Jemima is presumed to have died earlier, but after 1830.
- William Moore, born 1795. His obituary says that Rev. William Moore was born in Montgomery Co, IN.
- Austin Moore, Jr. Named as a cousin to Jordan Hendrickson when he baptized by proxy several deceased family members about 1841. Austin married Nancy Stilts in 1818, and second married Belinda Case in 1820. His heirs are known from a sell of his estate in Shelby County, IN.
- George Moore. Jordan names a cousin, George Moore, who was deceased by 1841. Another George Moore married Rebecca Saunders and moved to Shelby County, IN.
- Elijah Moore. Also named by Jordan Hendrickson, Elijah married in 1815 to Lydia Hendrickson. He signed as bondsman for the marriage of his father to Martha Goulman. He moved to Shelby Co, IN, where he died.
- Polly Moore married Aaron Hendrickson in 1815. They moved to Shelby Co, IN.
Admittedly, this list is based on guesses and assumptions. Recently, the partition of the estate of Austin Moore Sr was located in the records of Shelby Co, IN. There may be more records–probate and deed–that will have a final effect on the correct family of Austin Moore.
The partition, found in Decatur Probate Record C, pp 286-287 names the heirs of Austin Moore, and divides his land into eight lots, not counting his widow, Martha’s, dower thirds. “Eight lots” indicates eight children–some deceased; their heirs inherited. The lots were part of the Southwest Quarter of Section 22, in Township 11, Range 9. This was land originally patented to Austin Moore, Senior, of Mercer County, Kentucky, on 1 June, 1824. (See detail of patent above.)
Below is a transcription of the descriptions of each lot and who inherited (names of children are in bold):
Lot 1, to Aaron Hendrickson intermarried with Mary Hendrickson, late Mary Moore, and daughter and heir of Austin Moore, Deceased,Lot No. 1. Described as follows, Beginning at the ½ M.P. on the South Side of Section 22, town11 Range 9 thence west 20 chains, 44 links to a Stake, thence North 5 C. 88 links to a Stake, thence East 20 chains, 40 L to a Stake, thence South 5 C. 88 L to the place of Beginning. Containing 12 acres…
Lot 2, to John Moore, Lot No 2, Beginning at a Stake 5 C. 88 Links North of the half Mile Post on the South Side of Section 22 Town 11 Range 9, thence West 20 C, 4 L to a Stake, thence…North 7 chains 12 Links, to a Stake then East 20 C. 35 L to a Stake, thence South 7 C. 12 L to the place of Beginning containing 14 ½ acres.
Lot 3, To ‘S’amuel Moore and Fanny Moore heirs and heiresses at law of Elijah Moore, Deceased, Lot No, 3, Beginning at a Stake 13 chains North of the half mile post, on the South Side of Section 22, Town 11. Range 9. Thence West 20 chains 35 L to a Stake, Thence North 7 chains, 16 Links to a stake, Thence East 20 chains, 20 Links to a stake, thence south 2 chains 16 Links to the place of Beginning, containing 14 55/100 acres. NOTE: Elijah’s son’s name was actually Alvin, and this mention of Samuel is a clerical error. Page 288 lists Alvin Moore as an heir with Fanny (his sister), and Alvin Moore of Chariton County, Missouri, and Fanny Clark of Chariton County, Missouri, both sell this exact described land in 1843.[ix]
Lot 4, To John Richie intermarried with Elener Richey late Elener Moore and daughter of Austin Moore deceased, Beginning at the south West corner, of Section 22 town 11 Range 9. Thence North 14 chains 17 L to a Stake, thence East 20 chains, 50 links to a stake thence South 14 chains 17 Links to a stake thence West 20 chains 14 Links to the place of Beginning, containing 29 acres…
Lot 5, To Samuel Moore, Lot No 5, Beginning at a stake 14 chains 17 Links North of the south west corner of Section 22, town 11 Range 9, Thence North 6 chains 34 Links to a Stake, thence East 20 chains 53 Links to a stake, Thence South 6 chains, 34 Links to a Stake, Thence West 20 chains 50 Links to the place of Beginning, containing 13 acres. Samuel Moore and his wife, Ruth, sold this land in 1842.[x] Austin’s widow, Martha is listed with Samuel and Ruth, in the 1850 Bartholomew County, Indiana, census.[xi]
Lot 6, To George Moore Lot No 6. Beginning at a Stake 20 chains 51 Links North of the South West corner of Section 22 Town 11 Range 9 Thence North 5 chains, 37 ½ Links to a Stake, Thence East 20 chains, 55 Links to a Stake Thence south 5 chains 37 ½ links to a Stake, Thence West 20 chains 52 links to the place of Beginning. Containing 11 3/100 acres…
Lot 7, To Elijah Moore, James Moore, William Moore, Rachel Moore, Cynthan Moore, Jemima Moore, and Margaret Moore the heirs and heiresses of Austin Moore Jr deceased, lot No 7 Beginning at a stake 7 chains, 87 Links South of the half Mile post, on the West side of section 22, Town 11 Range 9. Thence East 20 chains, 58 Links to a Stake Thence South 5 chains 37 Links to a Stake, thence North 5 chains 37 ½ Links to the place of Beginning, containing 11 5/100 acres.
Lot 8, To Thomas Moore, Lot No 8, Beginning at the half mile post west side of Section 22 Town 11 Range 9 East 20 chains, 62 Links to a stake, Thence South 8 chains, 87 Links to a stake, Thence West 20 chains 38 Links to a stake, thence North 8 Chains, 87 Links to the place of Beginning containing 18 26/100 acres.
Detail of page Decatur County Probate Record C, page 291, showing the eight lots in Section 22.
The record states that this is the only land that Austin owned at his death. Deeds support that he had sold off all his other land.
At the writing of this article, the only proven children of Austin Moore, Sr are these eight; I believe they are listed in birth order:
Mary Moore, married Aaron Hendrickson.
Eleanor Moore, called Esther E. Moore on marriage to John Richey
Samuel H. Moore, married Ruth.
Austin Moore, Jr.
Who is missing?
Jemima Moore Hendrickson! Letty Moore Hendrickson is not there, and I thought she might be Austin’s daughter! Rev. William Moore is not named!
What names were added that were not there before? Eleanor, Samuel H., and Thomas. These are new lines to research and add to our growing DNA connections.
If Jemima, Letty, and Rev. William Moore are not children of Austin Moore, then how do they connect to the family? If they actually are children of Austin Moore, why were they (or their heirs) not named in the partition? Since some of the heirs sold their land, it is likely that others did to. A return to the Deed books of Decatur County will be required to retrieve additional records. Additionally, Martha, the widow, had her third part of the real estate—when she died, it would descend to her children. A record for that has not been located yet.
Records are amazing things!
This partition rewrites the genealogy of Austin Moore. If your genealogy is based on the old assumptions—it is wrong. What do we do with this new information? Number one, we correct our online genealogies. We take off the people who are not proven, and add the ones who are. We dig into more actual records to see if any other heirs pop up, or an explanation can be made.
Why is this important? If we have mistakes on our family tree, we are misappropriating someone else’s ancestors and their stories into our family–they do not belong to us. It is imperative that we find the story of our own ancestors. Furthermore, if we get the lineage correct, then we can have viable and reliable sources for our DNA studies. If well-intentioned family historians are trying to link Barnett-Garrett-Barrett to their Moore DNA, they will be creating false positives with those surnames. Once the correct lineage and ancestry is produced, breakthroughs on the brick walls will be forthcoming. The name of Austin Moore’s first wife, might be on the other side.
[i] “Bourbon County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799.” Miami Beach: TLC Genealogy, 1990, 1992. Also, Bourbon County Tax Lists, LDS Film No. 007834401, viewed at Willard Library, Evansville, IN.
[ii] Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission; Records of the Office of the Comptroller General, RG-4; Tax & Exoneration Lists, 1762-1794; Microfilm Roll: 327. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania, Tax and Exoneration, 1768-1801 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data:
Tax & Exoneration Lists, 1762–1794. Series No. 4.61; Records of the Office of the Comptroller General, RG-4. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
[iii] Bureau of Land Management, GLORecords. https://glorecords.blm.gov/details/patent/default.aspx?accession=IN0440__.449&docClass=STA&sid=rbo5zskm.ity#patentDetailsTabIndex=1
[iv] Grantor and grantee indexes (1786-1908), and deeds (1786-1865) [Mercer County, Kentucky]. Deeds, v. 1-2, 1786-1797. LDS Film No. 007896914, image 238.
[v] According to research online by Charles Garrett (and message by Marti Hale at genealogy.com/forum/surname/topic/moore/28093) Austin Moore b. 1776 in VA was the brother of Robertson Moore. Austin married Mary Garrett in 1794 Laurens County, South Carolina. (Austin of Mercer is sometimes listed with spouse, Mary Garrett; it was not he!) Austin of Laurens County died in 1799, the widow being administratrix, and leaving two daughters, Cassandra and Pamela. Garrett says that Mary Garrett Moore married Lod Dulin and moved to Christian Co, KY. Austin’s probate records are in Box 49, Package No. 3, Laurens County probate records.
[vi] Ancestry.com. Kentucky, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997. Original data: Dodd, Jordan, Comp.. Kentucky Marriages to 1850. Electronic transcription of marriage records held by the individual counties in Kentucky.
[vii] Mercer County, Kentucky census, page 152, stamped 313. “Martha Goolman” indexed as “Godman” at Ancestry.com. Year: 1810; Census Place: Mercer, Kentucky; Roll: 7; Page: 313; Image: 00320; Family History Library Film: 0181352. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1810 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: Third Census of the United States, 1810. (NARA microfilm publication M252, 71 rolls). Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
[viii] Consent for Patsy Goulman to Austin Moore, 1815, Mercer County, Kentucky.
Marriage records, Loose papers, file 6 1815-1817. “Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939K-YF9P-63?cc=1804888&wc=QD3Q-W4F%3A148175801 : 17 May 2018), 004705529 > image 126 of 521; Madison County Courthouse, Richmond.
[ix] Decatur County, Indiana, Deed Book L, pp 551-553.
[x] Decatur County, Indiana, Deed Book L, pp 124-125
[xi] Haw Creek Township, Bartholomew County, Indiana, Census p887, stamped 445. Year: 1850; Census Place: Haw Creek, Bartholomew, Indiana; Roll: M432_136; Page: 445A; Image: 313. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.