Norton Reunion: The Pedigree Charts

Whoops!  I forgot to attach the pedigree charts for Grandpa and Grandma Norton.  When reading these charts, Grandpa Clarence or Grandma Mary is the first person.  The father goes up, and the mother goes down.  Each generation splits, father to the top, mother below.  When you get to the end of the first page, look at the number for that person, then find the corresponding page to continue the family tree.  Empty boxes are those that have not been discovered or have not be verified by me.

Pedigree of Clarence Norton

Pedigree of Mary Gott Norton


Norton Reunion 2018

Report for the Norton Family Reunion 2018

To my aunt and uncles, the children of Clarence Allan Norton and Mary Louisa Gott Norton:


Danny Lee, George (on Clarence’s lap), Richard, Susie (on Mary’s lap), and Junior

OUR DNA–Y-DNA, the Father’s Line

Dusty and Richard did the y-DNA tests at FamilytreeDNA which showed us a few interesting details.  The y-DNA is a the chromosome that makes a man male.  It is passed down from the father to the son virtually unchanged, although a mutation can occur between generations.  The y-DNA will give you a haplogroup.  Haplogroups are designations on the human family tree that show geographical origins.  It is sort of like nationality or race, but we are talking about humans before nations were established.  So…it’s way back!

Dusty and Richard’s haplogroup is I-M253.  This group has its peak among men in Sweden, as well as, Finland and Norway.  That means the Nortons are from the North, very likely, Norsemen.

Each participant in the y-DNA study gets a set of markers–a series of numbers determining how closely one is related to someone else with the same last name.  The markers for Dusty and Richard are 14-22-14-10-13-14-11-14-11-12-11-28-15-8-9-11-22-16-19-27-12-12-15-15-10-10-19-21-14-15-16-21-35-37-12-10. .  This exactly matches those markers for another descendant of David Norton of Bourbon County, Kentucky. It proves we are descended from David.  This matches what was found in the traditional paper research.  Most surprising, when comparing our particular Norton markers, our Nortons do not match any other Norton branch in the world.  We do match a descendant of Melchizedek Norden. we matched the NORDEN family.[i]

We began as Norden, not Norton!  The earliest ancestor to be proven is one Robert Norden from Warbleton, England, who came to Virginia in 1714 as a “messenger” for the Baptists.  He was basically a missionary to colonists, helping to organize the Baptist church.

Robert Norden’s grandson was Christopher Norton, our ancestor, who is sometimes called “The Commodore” because he was in the English Navy and may have fought pirates.

Christopher Norton had a son named David Norton, born about 1763.  He is your great-great-great-great-great-grandfather.  He fought in the Revolutionary War.  He was described in a war record: ——David Norton aged 17 was 5 foot 4 and 1/2 inches tall. He had dark hair, Blue eyes and a Fair completion. He had a scar on the left side of his jaw. His occupation was given as a “Planter” from Virginia, Fluvana County. He was born in Virginia, Fluvana County.

David married Sophia Fancher.  They left Virginia and lived on Norton Branch near Pigeon Forge, Tennessee–Pigeon Forge was originally called Fancher, Tennsessee.  Eventually, they moved to Bourbon County, Kentucky.  David’s son, Henry Norton married Elizabeth Wright on 6 August, 1812, in Pendleton County, Kentucky.[ii]  Henry died in 1831 in Grant County, Kentucky.  The widow, Elizabeth, and her father, Samuel Wright, moved to Adams County, Illinois.  They were members of the Primitive Baptist Church.  Also moving to Adams County were Jacob and Jane Davis.  Their daughter, Telitha Davis, married James Baker Norton.

Telitha Davis Norton

Telitha Davis Norton 1881-1882

No marriage record has ever been found, but the Telitha and James had 16 children.  One son, Benjamin, had descendants who remained in Adams County.  Another son, William M. Norton, your great-great-grandfather, moved to Iowa, then Mercer County, Missouri.  William’s wife’s name was Nancy Catharine Sandlin.

William and Nancy

William M. and Nancy C. (Sandlin) Norton

They are parents of Paschal Norton.

Norton Paschal Susan

Paschal and Susan A. (Gay) Norton

Paschal Norton married Susan Alice Gay.  They had four children, Albert Ray (died young), Alma, Jessie, and Harley Raymond.

Norton Harley Cecil

Harley Raymond Norton and Cecil M. Tharp Norton

Harley Raymond Norton married Cecil May Tharp.  They had two sons, Don and Clarence.  Cecil suffered from crippling arthritis.  At some point, Harley was unable or unwilling to care for her.  They may have been divorced, but I have not found a legal document for that.  Cecil moved back to her parents’ home–James K. and Edna D. Betz Tharp–taking Don with her.  Harley took Clarence to Paschal and Susan’s farm.  Harley left for the West, leaving Clarence to be raised by his grandparents.  Harley married Mary Louis Nobbs and had four more children:  William Paschal “Pat,” Marke, Gene, and one daughter, Sharron.

For more on our early Norton ancestors, be sure to visit and read about Robert Norden, Christopher Norton and David Norton.

Dad (Danny Lee Norton) also took the y-DNA test at FamilytreeDNA.  A match with the Norton haplogroup, I-M253 was expected, but Danny’s haplogroup came out as E-M35–that is a Middle-Eastern/North African haplogroup.  This means that Clarence Norton is not the biological father of Danny.  But…Danny is the middle child.  How could this happen?  The mystery is not solved yet.  Danny does have matches, including his brothers, on the maternal line.  So, it appears that Grandma, Mary, had some sort of relationship with another man.  We do not know who it could be.  DNA matches have given us names of possible cousins related to the mystery man, but no definite name.

Where was Mary Gott Norton in 1946?  World War II had just ended, but Clarence was still in the Navy.  Mary was living in Missouri with the first two of her children–George and Junior.  Grandpa was stationed at Norfolk, Virginia.  According to cousin, Liz Etter, Grandma left the two boys with her mother in Brimson, Missouri, and went out to Norfolk. Different family members have shared different stories of Grandma’s occupation at this time:

A) Dad (Danny Lee) said Grandma was a saloon girl and would sit on a swing and swing back and forth in a saloon.

B) Mom (Danny’s wife, Lou-Ann) said that Grandma was just a waitress at a restaurant–no swings or saloons.

C) Uncle George and Aunt Shirley told me that Grandma worked as a USO girl during the war.

Cousin Liz Etter added that Grandma Mary went out to Norfolk, and when she came back, she was pregnant and had Danny.

Taking these stories together, I think Grandma was a USO girl working as a waitress on the base in Norfolk.  That means the the mystery man was probably another sailor stationed at Norfolk.  Based on DNA matches, he was from Nebraska and related to the Teel, Cutter, Graves, and Loder families.

Our DNA–MtDNA, the Mother’s Mother’s Line

Danny has also taken the mtDNA test at FamilytreeDNA.  This test shows the ancient ancestry of the mother from her mother’s mother’s mother on back. The haplogroup, which would be the same for all the children of Mary, is H.  Haplogroup H originated in Southwest Asia 25,000 years ago.  It spread throughout the world.

OUR DNA–AtDNA, Connecting with Our Cousins

Danny and Dusty also have autosomal DNA tests at Familytree DNA.  Danny and cousins Liz Etter and Larry Ratliff (Aunt Opal’s son) have autosomal tests at AncestryDNA.  From these DNA tests, we have made many connections with Aunt Opal’s family, and a few with the Gotts, plus many cousins on other lines.

Currently, research is focused on the ancestors of Grandma Ida McAtee Shirley Gott, specifically, Daniel McAtee and Elizabeth Shirley.  Information on Daniel McAtee can be read here at my blog. .  Recently, a deed record was found to prove that Elizabeth Shirley’s mother, Catharine Hendrickson Shirley, was the daughter of William and Nancy Moore Shirley.  There is a lot of incorrect information on the Hendrickson and Moore families, and each connection has to be thoroughly researched using professional standards for proof.

VETERANS in Our Family History

Clarence A. Norton was in the Navy during World War II.  Pictures from the day his ship captured a German U-boat are posted at

Civil War ancestors:  All were Union soldiers

William M. Norton MO

Henry Gay MO

Dennis Tharp MO

Wm H. Betz OH


War of 1812 ancestors

Henry Norton KY

Isaac Shirley KY


Revolutionary War ancestors

David Norton VA                John F. Miles VA

Henry Gay VA                     Elijah Stout  VA

Robert Gott NC                    Jesse Harper  VA

Infamous and Famous:

Great-great-great-grandfather, Marmaduke “Duke” Scott, is recorded in the Madison County, Indiana, histories as one of the culprits who harassed and chased famed abolitionist and former slave, Frederick Douglass off the stage and into a house where Douglass hid until it was safe.

Great-great-grandmother Nancy Russell Gott married Thomas Gott on 30, January, 1812, with her uncle Fielding Lewis signing as guardian[iii]. It is assumed that he was her mother’s brother, but the relationship is not confirmed.  Fielding Lewis came from Person and Orange Counties, North Carolina.  Fielding’s father, also named Fielding, died when the younger was a underage.  His guardian was Nimrod Duncan.  Go to this link for more information on several men named Fielding Lewis.

Great-grandma Louisa Jane Miles is where Grandma got her middle name. (Grandma pronounced her middle name like Lou-wise-ah.)  Louisa Miles was the daughter of Benjamin Miles and Martha “Patsy” Stout.  The Stout line is a very interesting one.  We can trace our lineage back to a woman named Penelope Stout.  According to legend, Penelope and her first husband were shipwrecked off Sandy Hook.  Her husband was sick.  They were attacked by Native Americans who killed the husband, scalped Penelope, broke her arm, and slit her abdomen leaving her to die.  She held her entrails in with her other arm, and hid herself inside a hollow log.  Sometime later–some stories say days–she was found by a friendly Indian who nursed her back to health and returned her to the white settlement.  There she met Richard Stout, married, and gave birth to New Jersey!  Not literally all of New Jersey, but she has many descendants today, perhaps many millions across the United States.  Among those descendants, besides all of you, is John Christopher Depp–better known as Johnny Depp, the actor who plays Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean series, and classic shock rocker, Alice Cooper![iv]


[i] The early ancestors of the Norton family has been researched by Scott Norton and shared at his website,

[ii] “Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 24 August 2018), Henry Norton and Betsey Ann Wright, 16 Aug 1812; citing Pendleton, Kentucky, United States, Madison County Courthouse, Richmond; FHL microfilm 272,800.

[iii] “Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 24 August 2018), Thomas Gott and Nancy Russell, 28 Jan 1812; citing Shelby, Kentucky, United States, Madison County Courthouse, Richmond; FHL microfilm 259,280.

[iv] I have not verified Alice Cooper’s ancestry, but it is widely reported on Stout social media sites.


The Heirs of Austin Moore, Sr of Decatur County, Indiana

The Heirs of Austin Moore, Sr of Decatur County, Indiana

A lot of genealogy of the Austin Moore family has been passed down from one family historian to another, but not a lot of records!  Most of what is found online is wrong and mixed up with other men named Austin Moore.  A thorough review of records referring to the several Austin Moores in the USA can be found at the post “Austin Moore…and More Austin Moores.

Austin Moore of Decatur County, Indiana

Records in Decatur County, Indiana, link Austin Moore to the man of that name from Mercer County, Kentucky.  Additional deeds from Mercer link him to Bourbon County, Kentucky.  In Mercer County, Austin is usually listed near a Mary (or Marah) Moore and a Joseph Moore.  In Bourbon, he is connected with Mary Moore and Thomas Moore.  Austin Moore appears on the Bourbon County, Kentucky, tax lists beginning in 1788.[i]  He is first named on the Fayette County, Pennsylvania tax lists, as a single man, in 1786, next to Mary Moore and Thomas Moore (also a single man).[ii]  Many of the relatives and neighbors of the Moores were also in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.


Proof of the move from Mercer County, Kentucky, to Decatur County, Indiana

BLM 1824

Detail of the Decatur County, Indiana, patent naming Austin Moore Senr of Mercer County, Kentucky.[iii]

Mercer Deed 1792

Detail of Mercer County Deed Book 1, page 455, showing Austin Moor of Mercer County purchasing land from John Hunt of Bourbon County.[iv]

Austin Moore’s first wife is unknown. So far, no records have surfaced to give us a first or maiden name. Some online trees name this wife as Mary Barnett, Mary Garrett, or Mary Barrett.  All are incorrect as those are wives for other men:  Mary Garrett married, 1794, Austin Moore of Laurens County, South Carolina;[v] Mary Barnett married, 1794, Elisha Moore[vi] of Lincoln Co, KY and Rush Co, IN.  Mary Barrett is a conflation of Barnett and Garrett–she does not exist at all.

Austin Moore’s second wife was Martha “Patsy” Goulman.  Some have placed Martha in the Goldman family of Washington Co, KY.  This seems to be an assumption with no evidence.  One Martha Golman is listed in the 1810 census of Mercer County, age 26-45, with a male under 10.[vii]  This is likely a widow, although it could be a single woman with an illegitimate child.  No records of a Goulman/Goldman leaving a son have been found yet.  Martha married on20 July,  1815, and the consent given the same day  by Alexander Black says she is 35 years old.[viii]  No relationship to Black is given.

Through the power of assumptive genealogy, Austin Moore has been blessed with several children.  Unfortunately, little or no records are provided to prove those children.  Indeed, even in my own family tree, I have named the following–most based on assumptions!–as children of Austin Moore:

  1. John Moore, born about 1788.  He is probably listed on the 1810 census, next to Austin.  He appears in the 1850 census of Shelby Co, IN, age 62.  His wife is Cassandra Martin, married in 1812 in Mercer County, KY.
  2. Stephen Moore.  He signs some marriage bonds in Mercer and Washington Co, KY.  This Stephen may be living in DeKalb Co, TN in 1850, where he is married to a widow Hendrickson.
  3. Jemima Moore.  She married Seperate Hendrickson in 1820. Austin Moore is bondsman. They moved to Shelby Co, IN, where Seperate died in 1838.  No widow is named, so Jemima is presumed to have died earlier, but after 1830.
  4. William Moore, born 1795.  His obituary says that Rev. William Moore was born in Montgomery Co, IN.
  5. Austin Moore, Jr.  Named as a cousin to Jordan Hendrickson when he baptized by proxy several deceased family members about 1841. Austin married Nancy Stilts in 1818, and second married Belinda Case in 1820.  His heirs are known from a sell of his estate in Shelby County, IN.
  6. George Moore.  Jordan names a cousin, George Moore, who was deceased by 1841.  Another George Moore married Rebecca Saunders and moved to Shelby County, IN.
  7. Elijah Moore.  Also named by Jordan Hendrickson, Elijah married in 1815 to Lydia Hendrickson.  He signed as bondsman for the marriage of his father to Martha Goulman.  He moved to Shelby Co, IN, where he died.
  8. Polly Moore married Aaron Hendrickson in 1815.  They moved to Shelby Co, IN.

Admittedly, this list is based on guesses and assumptions.  Recently, the partition of the estate of Austin Moore Sr was located in the records of Shelby Co, IN.  There may be more records–probate and deed–that will have a final effect on the correct family of Austin Moore.

The Heirs

The partition, found in Decatur Probate Record C, pp 286-287 names the heirs of Austin Moore, and divides his land into eight lots, not counting his widow, Martha’s,  dower thirds.  “Eight lots” indicates eight children–some deceased; their heirs inherited.  The lots were part of the Southwest Quarter of Section 22, in Township 11, Range 9.  This was land originally patented to Austin Moore, Senior, of Mercer County, Kentucky, on 1 June, 1824. (See detail of patent above.)

Below is a transcription of the descriptions of each lot and who inherited (names of children are in bold):

Lot 1, to Aaron Hendrickson intermarried with Mary Hendrickson, late Mary Moore, and daughter and heir of Austin Moore, Deceased,Lot No. 1. Described as follows, Beginning at the ½ M.P. on the South Side of Section 22, town11 Range 9 thence west 20 chains, 44 links to a Stake, thence North 5 C. 88 links to a Stake, thence East 20 chains, 40 L to a Stake, thence South 5 C. 88 L to the place of Beginning. Containing 12 acres…

Lot 2, to John Moore, Lot No 2, Beginning at a Stake 5 C. 88 Links North of the half Mile Post on the South Side of Section 22 Town 11 Range 9, thence West 20 C, 4 L to a Stake, thence…North 7 chains 12 Links, to a Stake then East 20 C. 35 L to a Stake, thence South 7 C. 12 L to the place of Beginning containing 14 ½ acres.

Lot 3, To ‘S’amuel Moore and Fanny Moore heirs and heiresses at law of Elijah Moore, Deceased, Lot No, 3, Beginning at a Stake 13 chains North of the half mile post, on the South Side of Section 22, Town 11. Range 9. Thence West 20 chains 35 L to a Stake, Thence North 7 chains, 16 Links to a stake, Thence East 20 chains, 20 Links to a stake, thence south 2 chains 16 Links to the place of Beginning, containing 14 55/100 acres.  NOTE:  Elijah’s son’s name was actually Alvin, and this mention of Samuel is a clerical error.  Page 288 lists Alvin Moore as an heir with Fanny (his sister), and Alvin Moore of Chariton County, Missouri, and Fanny Clark of Chariton County, Missouri, both sell this exact described land in 1843.[ix]

Lot 4, To John Richie intermarried with Elener Richey late Elener Moore and daughter of Austin Moore deceased, Beginning at the south West corner, of Section 22 town 11 Range 9. Thence North 14 chains 17 L to a Stake, thence East 20 chains, 50 links to a stake thence South 14 chains 17 Links to a stake thence West 20 chains 14 Links to the place of Beginning, containing 29 acres…

Lot 5, To Samuel Moore, Lot No 5, Beginning at a stake 14 chains 17 Links North of the south west corner of Section 22, town 11 Range 9, Thence North 6 chains 34 Links to a Stake, thence East 20 chains 53 Links to a stake, Thence South 6 chains, 34 Links to a Stake, Thence West 20 chains 50 Links to the place of Beginning, containing 13 acres. Samuel Moore and his wife, Ruth, sold this land in 1842.[x] Austin’s widow, Martha is listed with Samuel and Ruth, in the 1850 Bartholomew County, Indiana, census.[xi]

Lot 6, To George Moore Lot No 6. Beginning at a Stake 20 chains 51 Links North of the South West corner of Section 22 Town 11 Range 9 Thence North 5 chains, 37 ½ Links to a Stake, Thence East 20 chains, 55 Links to a Stake Thence south 5 chains 37 ½ links to a Stake, Thence West 20 chains 52 links to the place of Beginning. Containing 11 3/100 acres

Lot 7, To Elijah Moore, James Moore, William Moore, Rachel Moore, Cynthan Moore, Jemima Moore, and Margaret Moore the heirs and heiresses of Austin Moore Jr deceased, lot No 7 Beginning at a stake 7 chains, 87 Links South of the half Mile post, on the West side of section 22, Town 11 Range 9. Thence East 20 chains, 58 Links to a Stake Thence South 5 chains 37 Links to a Stake, thence North 5  chains 37 ½ Links to the place of Beginning, containing 11 5/100 acres.

Lot 8, To Thomas Moore, Lot No 8, Beginning at the half mile post west side of Section 22 Town 11 Range 9 East 20 chains, 62 Links to a stake, Thence South 8 chains, 87 Links to a stake, Thence West 20 chains 38 Links to a stake, thence North 8 Chains, 87 Links to the place of Beginning containing 18 26/100 acres.

Partition detail 291

Detail of page Decatur County Probate Record C, page 291, showing the eight lots in Section 22.

The record states that this is the only land that Austin owned at his death.  Deeds support that he had sold off all his other land.

At the writing of this article, the only proven children of Austin Moore, Sr are these eight; I believe they are listed in birth order:

Mary Moore, married Aaron Hendrickson.

John Moore

Elijah Moore

Eleanor Moore, called Esther E. Moore on marriage to John Richey

Samuel H. Moore, married Ruth.

George Moore

Austin Moore, Jr.

Thomas Moore

Who is missing?

Jemima Moore Hendrickson!  Letty Moore Hendrickson is not there, and I thought she might be Austin’s daughter! Rev. William Moore is not named!

What names were added that were not there before?  Eleanor, Samuel H., and Thomas.  These are new lines to research and add to our growing DNA connections.

If Jemima, Letty, and Rev. William Moore are not children of Austin Moore, then how do they connect to the family?  If they actually are children of Austin Moore, why were they (or their heirs) not named in the partition?  Since some of the heirs sold their land, it is likely that others did to.  A return to the Deed books of Decatur County will be required to retrieve additional records.  Additionally, Martha, the widow, had her third part of the real estate—when she died, it would descend to her children.  A record for that has not been located yet.

Records are amazing things!

This partition rewrites the genealogy of Austin Moore.  If your genealogy is based on the old assumptions—it is wrong.  What do we do with this new information?  Number one, we correct our online genealogies.  We take off the people who are not proven, and add the ones who are.  We dig into more actual records to see if any other heirs pop up, or an explanation can be made.

Why is this important?  If we have mistakes on our family tree, we are misappropriating someone else’s ancestors and their stories into our family–they do not belong to us.  It is imperative that we find the story of our own ancestors.  Furthermore,  if we get the lineage correct, then we can have viable and reliable sources for our DNA studies.  If well-intentioned family historians are trying to link Barnett-Garrett-Barrett to their Moore DNA, they will be creating false positives with those surnames.  Once the correct lineage and ancestry is produced, breakthroughs on the brick walls will be forthcoming.  The name of Austin Moore’s first wife, might be on the other side.


[i] “Bourbon County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799.” Miami Beach: TLC Genealogy, 1990, 1992. Also, Bourbon County Tax Lists, LDS Film No. 007834401, viewed at Willard Library, Evansville, IN.

[ii] Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission; Records of the Office of the Comptroller General, RG-4; Tax & Exoneration Lists, 1762-1794; Microfilm Roll: 327. Source Information: Pennsylvania, Tax and Exoneration, 1768-1801 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data:

Tax & Exoneration Lists, 1762–1794. Series No. 4.61; Records of the Office of the Comptroller General, RG-4. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

[iii] Bureau of Land Management, GLORecords.

[iv] Grantor and grantee indexes (1786-1908), and deeds (1786-1865) [Mercer County, Kentucky]. Deeds, v. 1-2, 1786-1797.  LDS Film No. 007896914, image 238.

[v] According to research online by Charles Garrett (and message by Marti Hale at Austin Moore b. 1776 in VA was the brother of Robertson Moore.  Austin married Mary Garrett in 1794 Laurens County, South Carolina. (Austin of Mercer is sometimes listed with spouse, Mary Garrett; it was not he!) Austin of Laurens County died in 1799, the widow being administratrix, and leaving two daughters, Cassandra and Pamela. Garrett says that Mary Garrett Moore married Lod Dulin and moved to Christian Co, KY.  Austin’s probate records are in Box 49, Package No. 3, Laurens County probate records.

[vi] Kentucky, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 1997. Original data: Dodd, Jordan, Comp.. Kentucky Marriages to 1850. Electronic transcription of marriage records held by the individual counties in Kentucky.

[vii] Mercer County, Kentucky census, page 152, stamped 313.  “Martha Goolman” indexed as “Godman” at   Year: 1810; Census Place: Mercer, Kentucky; Roll: 7; Page: 313; Image: 00320; Family History Library Film: 0181352. Source Information: 1810 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: Third Census of the United States, 1810. (NARA microfilm publication M252, 71 rolls). Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

[viii] Consent for Patsy Goulman to Austin Moore, 1815, Mercer County, Kentucky.

Marriage records, Loose papers, file 6 1815-1817.  “Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch ( : 17 May 2018), 004705529 > image 126 of 521; Madison County Courthouse, Richmond.

[ix] Decatur County, Indiana, Deed Book L, pp 551-553.

[x] Decatur County, Indiana, Deed Book L, pp 124-125

[xi] Haw Creek Township, Bartholomew County, Indiana, Census p887, stamped 445.  Year: 1850; Census Place: Haw Creek, Bartholomew, Indiana; Roll: M432_136; Page: 445A; Image: 313. Source Information: 1850 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.