Rest in Peace: Separate Hendrickson b. 1737

This article will have two parts.  The first will be a list of red flags that may indicate that your brick wall ancestor never actually existed. The second will be a summary of research conducted by Karyn Greenstreet and myself–research that will change all the genealogies for the descendants of Separate Hendrickson b. 1737.  An in-depth study of all the men who were ever named Separate will be presented in the following weeks.

My first pedigree with my Hendrickson ancestors was on a FamilyTreeMaker World Families CD. My ancestor, William Hendrickson, was listed as son of Hendricks Hendricks and Eve. Then, online trees showed William to be son of Separate Hendrickson and Eve. For at least 20 years, pedigrees have been published and shared saying that a man called Separate Hendrickson b. 1737, in Amherst County, Virginia, was the spouse of a woman named Eve, and father of several children. My ancestor William was supposedly one of these children, but no evidence was ever attached.
In 2017, some intriguing DNA matches focused my attention on my own Hendrickson pedigree. I could find the records for three younger men with the name Separate Hendrickson. I could also find records for a man name Seperate Case in an adjoining Kentucky county. The oldest Separate Hendrickson was born before 1783–but not as early as 1737. There was not one hint of a record for a man called Separate Hendrickson old enough to be born in 1737. After looking for some time for any proof on this line, I came to the conclusion: Separate Hendrickson did not exist.

RED FLAGS that your Brick Wall Ancestor Does not Exist

Over the last 30+ years I have pursued genealogy, not as a hobby, but a serious study of history, I have become very keen to note when a brick wall ancestor appears and there are no records for the person. Rarely do all the records in a locale completely disappear, although fire, flood and war have wreaked havoc on some repositories of early documents. When you see these red flags–and such is what was found with Separate Hendrickson–you might want to consider that your brick wall ancestor is more myth than fact, and begin looking for other people as possibilities.

  1. Multiple estimated dates of birth. This means that different researchers are using different records to guess the birth year of a person. On one of my other lines, a man called John Cornett was given three birth years–1726 or 1727 with no explanation; 1712, based off his 1733 land patent, because he would be at least 21; and 1702–from an English baptism which may or may not belong to the target John. (The truth in this one was that the John b. 1726 or 1727 is the son of the other John–who obviously wasn’t born in 1712, but did own land at that time. A reasonable birth year would be 1702.)
  2. His records are mixed up with other men with the same name. This happened with all the men named Separate Hendrickson–there are clearly three men with this name–but reckless researchers mix up their births, deaths, and wives in many online trees. Another ancestor where this happened is Austin Moore. (See Austin Moore and more Austin Moores.)
  3. The brick wall ancestor’s name appears only in pedigree charts, but not on actual records. This means that some well-meaning researcher guessed the name, probably penciled it in on his or her family tree, then later researchers just took it as fact. In the old days, you asked someone to share their information. Now, it’s a copy-paste society–you don’t know who is the source of information, or how correct it is–unless you check it yourself! Since it is so easy to copy and paste, if 500 pedigrees are based off one wrong pedigree–501 pedigrees are absolutely wrong.
  4. Records are amazing things! If you are having trouble verifying a brick wall ancestor, consider that someone guessed this name in the past and it has been accepted as true by later researchers. Then look in the right place at the right time for records with possible names for that ancestor.

Did Eve Hendrickson exist?

How many pedigree charts show Eve as the mother of William and Leonard Hendrickson? Many.  None that I saw listed any evidence.  I worried about Eve. Was she just a myth, a story made up by other researchers to fill in the blank on the next generation?

Eve has been found, twice!

First, she is listed on the LDS Baptisms at Nauvoo. In 1841, Simeon Hendrickson, an early Latter-Day Saint, baptized by proxy several of his deceased relatives. One was Eve, the notations tell us she was his grandmother.

Second, she signs the consent for her daughter, Barbara Hendrickson Queen, to marry Robert Casey in January, 1797.  Eve calls herself a widow.

So, Eve was real.  Records verify her existence.

How about Separate Hendrickson

Here is a short summary of research conducted thus far.

Last year, I came upon the Baptism records conducted by Simeon Hendrickson (an early Latter-Day Saint) who baptized several deceased relatives in 1841.  Although there is misinformation attached to the published version of these records, the originals do give the relationship and/or the name of several relatives. Among them were unnamed Grandfather Hendrickson, Grandmother Eve Hendrickson, Grandmother Mary Moore, Mother Nancy Hendrickson, and Aunt Lydia Case and her husband, Separate Case.  The erroneous information from the published work suggested that Separate was the second husband of Eve Hendrickson.  This was tantalizing, but proved improbable, and the source was incorrect.  But it did put the name Hendrickson and Separate together.

At about the same time I was acquiring the baptismal records, another researcher, Karyn Greenstreet, was also looking for her Hendrickson connections.  Karyn uses primary source records to validate her ancestry.  We connected, and Karyn found the inventory for a man named John Hendrickson in Nelson County, Kentucky, in 1787.  I knew there should be a court order for that inventory, and sure enough there was–John Hendrickson left a widow, and…the administrator for his estate was Separate Case.

For so long, people had been looking for a Separate Hendrickson who died in Kentucky leaving a widow–Eve.  What researchers should have been looking for was just a man named Hendrickson who died in the right place at the right time.

How can we be sure this is Eve’s husband?  The court order did not name the widow, but we do know that Leonard Hendrickson was listed in Nelson County tax lists and he has always been an assumed son of “Separate” and Eve.  We also see that Leonard ended up in Washington County, Kentucky.  William Hendrickson (my ancestor) lived in Mercer County, but his children married in Washington County.  But the most compelling record is the marriage of Barbara Queen to Robert Casey in 1797 in Mercer County, Kentucky.  The consent for this marriage was signed by “Eve Hendrixson, a widow, mother.”  Searching Kentucky marriages, one finds that Barbara Hendrickson married Elijah Queen in 1792 in Nelson County, Kentucky.  We have the right names in the right places at the right times.

Karyn Greenstreet’s Research and Articles

Karyn has continued the research and has a plausible paper trail on John Hendrickson back to the 1760s.

At Karyn’s online tree, you can read the transcript of the 1787 Administration order.

“It appearing to the court that the widow of John Hendricks, Dec. is incapable of acting, and having given her consent, Ordered that administration on said Estate by granted to Saparate Case, who with Randolph Slack his security having entered into bond in the sum of two hundred pounds as the law directs.”  See Web Links

Karyn has many wonderful notes on her research at her tree on

Following are three articles Karyn has penned.  She and I hope that the more this information gets to online researchers, we can start to clear up the errors in the our Hendrickson family tree.

DNA Proof that there are four distinct DNA Hendricks/Hendrickson families in colonial south-central and south-west Pennsylvania–August 28, 2018

In Colonial era south-central and southwestern Pennsylvania (1760s-1780s), there are at least 3 or 4 lines of Hendricks/on families, all with different DNA:

    • Albertus/Tobias – the family is originally Dutch and comes from Philadelphia to Chester, then Lancaster County and York County. Much of this is documented in the Frontier Hendricks book. But the author, Davenport, didn’t have access to DNA in the 1990s when he wrote it, so some of the family connections he suggested aren’t actually real family connections (see Adam Miller Hendrix). In Davenport’s defense, he does say that there seems to be a connection between certain families, but he’s not sure. Per FamilyTreeDNA Hendricks project, this family’s haplogroup is I-M223
    • Daniel/Abraham of Springhill, Fayette  – This is likely the Daniel Hendrick of Haverill Massachusetts line. Martin Hendrix, administrator of the Hendricks DNA Project on FamilyTreeDNA, confirmed on August 11, 2018 that the Springhill, Fayette Hendricks family DNA matches the Daniel Hendricks of Haverhill, MA family. Daniel and Abraham are in Fayette County in the 1780s; no one seems to know where they’re from. Davenport, in Frontier Hendricks, indicates that he doesn’t know if Daniel is from the Albertus line. This is the line that Thomas A Hendricks, Vice President of the USA, is from. Even official Congressional/White House biographies at the time are vague about his background, only saying he grew up in Ligonier, Pennsylvania. This family’s haplogroup is I-M253.
    • Adam Miller Hendrix – has the same DNA haplogroup as my ancestors, but not close enough to ours to be a direct match. Adam is in York County, Pennsylvania. Davenport hints that Adam is related to Daniel of Springhill, but doesn’t say there’s a relationship. Now we know there’s not a relationship, because Adam Hendrix’s family haplogroup is R-M269
    • John Hendricks/Hendrickson (our forefather) – in Fayette County, then into Kentucky; we don’t know where he’s from originally (yet). My family’s haplogroup is R-M269 for the Hendrickson male line.
      The Hendricks Family DNA Project, and the Hendrickson Family DNA Project, on FamilyTreeDNA is an in-depth tool to discover which Hendricks and Hendrickson families lines are truly connected by DNA. FamilyTreeDNA has a special test called the Y-DNA37 test, which is taken by Hendricks/Hendrickson direct male line, as it tracks chromosomes that pass only from father to son. If you’re unsure which Hendricks/Hendrickson line you belong to, I encourage you to look into the FamilyTreeDNA site, especially if you are a Hendricks/Hendrickson male.


Proof that John Hendricks(on) is his name – NOT Separate–August 28, 2018

I did a week’s worth of research at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania earlier this month (August 2018), with great results!
I’m fairly definite that I’ve found John Hendricks(son)’s land, and that John was in Fayette County Pennsylvania as early as 1771.
And I’m certain his name was not Separate Hendrickson…his name is John. (I still don’t know Eve’s maiden name.)
There are about 10 researchers working together to research different branches of this family. We’ve put in many years and deep research skills. We do NOT know where John was born. There is no proof or record of it that we’ve found, though we’re hopeful as we work backwards from what we know. Anyone who has a birth location for John on their tree is mistaken unless they can provide proof.
Here’s how I did the detective work on the land deals and therefore the name of John, husband of Eve:
1. I found two records that mention John Hendricks as having adjoining land to the people getting land patents. The 1771 and 1772 land records for Robert Evans and John McKibben both mention their land adjoins the land of John Hendricks. These mentions are in a little Fayette County genealogical magazine that was published in the 1980s called “La Fayette” which I found in the HSP library. The references were to the Fayette County Deeds Book A (which, miraculously, has just become available on FamilySearch this week). In the Gallery are the two references from the La Fayette magazine land records for 1771 and 1772.
2. I looked up the Evans and McKibben land on the Redstone map, and found the ONE piece of land they BOTH adjoined…the land of John Salady (he warrants and patents in 1785). Here’s the land patent map – Note that is says Redstone Township, not Menallen Township. Redstone was split off from Menallen in 1797, and the map was created sometime after that.:
3. I looked up John Salady on Ancestry and found his land patent. Who is he next door to? SIMON [Simeon] Hendrickson! So Simeon owned some of the land next to Salady (aka Salliday, Sallady, Saladay) when Salady patented the land in 1785. But if in 1771/1772 they say this is the land of John Hendricks, how did Simeon get it? This could have been around the time the Hendricksons all started to go to Kentucky (they’re on the 1786 tax list, but I nothing for John, William or Leonard Hendrickson after that in PA, and John dies 1787 Nelson KY), leaving the land to Simeon. (See the Gallery for Simeon’s name in the land grant.)
4. I looked on the FamilySearch Fayette Deeds Book A for any of the names referenced in the two articles from La Fayette. Sadly, no buy/sell deeds for John, Leonard or William – which is strange, as they would have had to transfer the land to Simeon by 1785. And I don’t see any sell records for when Simeon left Pennsylvania in the early 1800s. John could have claimed it by “tomahawk rights” but there still should be some records. I’ll continue to look for them, plus I’ll look at Sheriff’s deeds, etc., in case it was taken from him for taxes.
5. I also found a record of John McKibbens’ land – it had been purchased by David Breading, then sold to Nathaniel Breading in 1783. The deed says David bought the land from McKibben in 1772, and it adjoined the land of John and Leonard Henderson (See Gallery for image of this document – note the “ax” added to John’s name)
6. Many of the land records I found for the land around John’s refer to the land either being gained by “tomahawk rights” or by survey from 1766 to 1770. The Treaty at Fort Stanwix was in 1768, as was the New Purchase of Indian land by the Penns, so John could have come into that area anytime – we find him as early as 1771 when Robert Evans patents his land adjoining John Hendricks. (One of the first settlers, Christopher Gist, begins to improve his land in 1757, but a 1768 report from John Steel says there’s only about 150 families in all of the Ohio Valley, so it’s sparsely populated.)
7. Because I knew that this land would have been in Bedford County before 1773, I went back to the Springhill Twp, Bedford County tax records for 1773 (Springhill Township at that time encompasses the land south of the Redstone Creek, which is where John’s land would have been). Yes, John Hendricks is on the 1773 tax list for Springhill, Bedford, PA.
8. Leonard is on the 1774 Dunmore’s War roster, as is John. Abraham Teagarden was his captain. Men were recruited from the SW PA and northern VA (now WV) areas, and formed into companies based on where they lived. Abraham Teagarden (Tygard, Tiegarden) is on the 1773 Springhill tax list, too (along with Ebenezer Paddocks who marrid Keziah Case in 1774 Washington County, PA).
7. Abraham Teagarden is “Lennard Hendrickon’s” captain during Dunmore’s War, along with William Case, Theophilus Case, and some Moores (not sure if the Moores and Cases are ours or not). On the militia roll for Captain David Roger isJohn Hendricks. And on the militia roll for Captain David Scott is Leonard Hendrickson. (I think Teagarden and Scott shared a company leadership.)  Teagarden, Scott and Rogers are all on the 1773 Bedford tax list, so they recruited from that area because they lived there.
8. In a court case at Fort Dunmore (Fort Pitt aka Pittsburgh) in 1775, John Hendrick(sic) is asked to appraise the estate of William Cockrine. It’s actually William Cochran, and Cochran is on the 1773 Springhill, Bedford tax list, too. (aka Cockrine, Cochran, Cockrain, Cockrane)
9. The last tax record I have for John Hendricks/on in Fayette is 1786. He dies in Nelson County Kentucky in 1787.
All the records I have for John Hendricks(on) are here:
As we find more facts about this Hendrickson family, I will post it to my Ancestry tree.
I have always seen Leonard’s records appear before William’s, so I have to assume he’s the older brother. More research will tell us the age ranges for these sons of John (and Eve).
John Hendricks would not have been a city boy. He was in this wilderness region when there were few other families, and no way to get provisions except long journeys on foot or horseback. The Indians were friendly for a time, but this changed especially during the 1770s and the Revolutionary War, so survival would have been on their minds. Luckily, two families in the area created forts (Fort McKibben and Fort Craft) which were nothing more than fortified homes with stockade fencing. However, these would have been close enough in case of Indian raids for the Hendricksons to get to safety.
Simeon has lots of records, from land deals to court cases, in Fayette up to 1800 or 1801. Look in Simeon’s profile Gallery for all the ones I have.
I have found NO records of a “Solomon Hendrickson” being dismissed from a Quaker Meeting in North Carolina and coming to the Redstone Quaker Meeting. In fact, no Solomon Hendrickson in Fayette at all, so reports that our Solomon Hendrickson came from North Carolina to Redstone area are probably incorrect, unless someone can provide us with the record.
A fruitful week at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania produce amazing results! The records ARE there — if you look long enough and hard enough.
But where was John Hendricks before 1771? My next research goal! He’s either an immigrant, or he’s from one of the colonies. Looking at the names of the people who first settle around him, I see Scottish, Welsh, English and German names. They came from Maryland, Virginia, New Jersey, and eastern Pennsylvania. The earliest churches are Baptist (1770), Presbyterian (1774), and Quaker (1784). I have to look more into the history of the Redstone Settlement.


Why Separate Hendrickson and Eve Citth is WRONG–September 11, 2018

We need to dispell this myth: there is no Separate Hendrickson married to an Eve Citth.

Let me explain how the mistake got made…and then replicated all over the internet.

We know Simeon Hendrickson’s grandmother’s name is Eve, because he says so in his Mormon (LDS) “baptisms for the dead.” But you must look at the ORIGINAL documents, and not the “annotated” book, because the annotation is wrong: Simeon NEVER gives the first name of his grandfather, he only indicates “Hendrickson.” The annotation in the book says his first name is “Hendrick” but that’s an incorrect assumption on the part of the annotators.

Simeon also baptized the Case family: Separate Case, Ledy (noted as Simeon’s aunt), James (noted as Simeon’s cousin), John, Hannah, and Phebe Case. In the same document, he baptizes Kisiah Skimhorn, who is Kezziah Case, daughter of Separate Case, Sr. and married to Joseph Scammerhorn/Skimmerhorn. Simeon does not indicate the relationship between himself and Separate Case.

When John Hendricks dies in 1787 Nelson County, Kentucky, Separate Case acts as the Administrator for the estate/probate.

So people assumed Separate Case was the second husband of Eve, with no documentation or proof. He’s actually related to the family through marriage.

Note: Simeon DOES have an uncle named Separate Case and a cousin Separate Case. But Separate Case, Jr dies in 1844, so this LDS baptism in 1841 must be for Separate Case, Sr. married to Lydia Moore.  (See note by DMN below.)

So we have this couple: Eve and ___ Hendrickson. Eve signs a marriage consent for her daughter, Barbara, so we know she’s still alive in 1797 Mercer County, Kentucky. But no one knows the husband’s name.

In 1820, there are two Separate Hendricksons listed on the Mercer County, Kentucky census…one marked “Big” and one marked “Little”. The census taker is talking about their physical size, not Senior and Junior — the two men are not father and son, but actually cousins. One is the son of Leonard Hendrickson and one is the son of William Hendrickson.

But a transcriber couldn’t read the Big and Little on the blurry copy, so thought Little said “Citth” and put that in the transcription note on FamilySearch. I’m assuming these were the records that also went out on CD with the early versions of Family Tree Maker. (There is a much clearer copy of the actual document from FamilySearch where you can easily see it says Big and Little. The copy on Ancestry is extremely blurry.) On Ancestry, the transcriber wrote “Laprate Hendrickson Equire” so they couldn’t read Big or Little either.

People started to put Separate Hendrickson and Eve Citth into their trees online, and the story replicated without any records to back it up.

Also on FamilySearch, the transcriber thought Separate was “Leprate” because they mistook the “S” for an “L” in the old-fashioned writing. If you look at different entries from the same census taker, you can see he uses that same form for the “S” in Sarah or Silas.

Researchers, looking for Eve Hendrickson’s husband’s first name, grabbed on to the name Separate and assumed “Citth” referred to Eve’s maiden name. But never has a census taker indicated a maiden name of a married woman, and certainly not on a 1820 census where only the head of household name appears.

Plus John, Eve’s husband, was dead by 1820. Come to find out, he died in Nelson County, Kentucky, in 1787…we have his probate information. So if Eve is still alive in 1820, she’s listed under someone else’s census record, perhaps a son or grandson. We know she’s dead before 1841 because Simeon blesses her in his “baptisms for the dead” in 1841.

So, YES, there were Separate Hendricksons in the world.

And NO, Eve’s husband was not named Separate. There are no records during his lifespan that ever said Separate. He’s always referred to as John in land and tax records. And NO, Eve’s maiden name is not Citth.


I want to thank Karyn for allowing me to share her articles from her online family tree.

Now, if you thought you were the descendant of Separate and Eve Hendrickson, you have some records to consider!

(Note:  In the above articles, mention of Separate Case’s wife, Lydia, gives her maiden name as Moore.  There is no evidence for this maiden name.  So, the process of vetting each generation, and each person in each generation begins again! Another article will review this situation. DMN)


11 thoughts on “Rest in Peace: Separate Hendrickson b. 1737

  1. You’ve written a very good argument for the reason I cannot find William Franklin Lee.  I haven’t made it to Petersburg yet – seems like too many things keep getting in the way – but I have to have missed something when I was there the last time combing through records.  I know there was a John Lee in Petersburg that was a doctor, and on the death record it states that his father was John, but no last name.  I’ve been wondering if perhaps he was a child out of wedlock (like we discussed) who was simply given to a family.  I know this happened, and while I’ll continue searching for birth parents, I’m still pondering other options.  After about 20 years I should think I’d have uncovered the rock he was hidden under, but . . .   I’m finishing my master’s – one last week of class – then intend to finish my third book and work on genealogy.  Bad experience with Connie Pierce, but won’t go into that.  Just notice you won’t get things that include her.  Did you have any further communication with Paul Lee?  He basically stopped communicating so have no clue what happened there.  Glad to see you’re still digging – very like archaeology when you’re researching genealogy.  Always a fascination of mine, perhaps that is where I have the drive to work on this so furiously.  HugsDonna All women are created equal, but only the finest wear red hats. 


  2. Dan; Andrew Corn married Eve Hendrickson, 1818, Washington county KY. RE: Washington county marriage record. Is this a a descendant of our Eve? Still looking. Carl


  3. I need a little help. Through findagrave and a couple other sources I’m at a crossroads.
    Myself, Marc
    My dad: Rick (Harry E.)
    My grandpa: Harry Eugene, SR
    Greatgpa: Thomas Jefferson Hendrickson
    GreatGreatgpa: James Madison Hendrickson
    GreatGreatGreat Grandpa: David D. Hendrickson
    GreatGreatGreatGreat Grandpa: Soloman Hendrickson

    Then I see listed Simeon (Simon), but someone is disputing that saying it was Leonard.
    I’d like to know for sure if any of you have any evidence at that point.

    Then it was John Hendrickson I believe, after either Simeon or Leonard.


    • Marc, write me at and we can work on this. If this is Solomon of McDonough Co, IL, the father is indeed Simeon and Frances Hendrickson. Although there may not be direct evidence of the relationship, Solomon has land deals with Simeon’s other children, and Simeon’s line moved to McDonough Co, IL.


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