Re-Framing the Frazier Family Tree No. 4: Augusta County, Virginia, Militia Notes on Fraziers

© 2021 Dann M. Norton

The names of several James Fraziers, and other Fraziers, are listed as Revolutionary War soldiers.  In Augusta County, Virginia, there appears to have been three James Fraziers in the fight for Independence, along with at least one Samuel, and a John, or two.  From original records in Augusta County, two separate men, both called Captain James Frazier, arise.  A third James, a private in Capt. Booker’s Company, is buried in Augusta County. Additional Fraziers are named in the records.

As war with Great Britain loomed in the mid-1770s, Virginia enacted laws to ensure the local militias were supplied with able-bodied and trained men. The Act of December, 1775, required that all free white males over sixteen and under 50 would be enrolled in the Militia.[1] Most men were from 15-30.[2] Baron Von Steuben, a Prussian military strategist who aided the colonial army, literally wrote the book on United States military.[3]   His rules for conduct and training were approved by George Washington, and became the rule of law for the newly-established United States of America.  Each company had a captain, a lieutenant (Artillery had two), an ensign, four sergeants, four corporals, a drummer and a fifer or bugler.[4] 

The source for this study is Militia Court Records of the 32nd regiment, 1756-1812, Family History Library Film Number 7893729.[5]  This book had been reviewed in 1922 and notes published in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.[6] In recent years, author James Douthatt has published Augusta County, Virginia: Militia Court Records, 1755-1790, detailing the information held within these pages.[7] References are also made to Lyman Chalkley’s three volume set, The Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish in Virginia,[8] as well as other original records and online sources inserted in the footnotes.

The original book, photocopied and digitized by covers the years 1756 through 1796. A second book covers the years through 1812.

Title page of the version at

The very first page lists Samuel Frazer in Israel Christian’s Company, 9 Aug 1756.  See Column 3, line 15.

Also listed are John Hutchison[9] and Andrew Russell,[10] neighbors to Samuel Frazier, Sr., plus many other original land owners.  The 1756 records show 66 men in Captain Israel Christian’s company.  The following two pages list the companies of Captains Samuel Norwood, James Allen, George Wilson, John Mathews, and Joseph Lapsley. 

                 Skirmishes between white settlers and the native people were common in the mid-1700s.  Pages 5 and 6 (which are copied in reverse order) are interesting because they recount the meeting where the several captains met to determine where forts were to be built to protect the frontier, how many miles would be between the forts, and how many men would be garrisoned at each. 

Detail of page 6 listing 14 forts to be built along the frontier in 1756.

There are no other Fraziers listed in 1756, which could mean the other Fraziers were too young (or too old) to perform militia duty, but could also mean their companies were not tallied in this book. 

                The table below lists the Fraziers—spelled Fraizer, Frazer, and Frazier—found in the original book, with the date, page number, and image number from the film.  There are at least 12 different Fraziers named from 1756 through 1812.

YearDateName and informationPageImage No.
17569 AugSamuel Frazer listed in Capt. Israel Christian’s Company001006
1771 James Fraizer, delinquent in Capt. Saml McDowell’s Co. 034
  James Fraizer, acquitted050035
177617 OctDavid Fraizer, delinquent in Capt. Daniel Smith’s Co.061040
  Capt. James Fraizer listed for first time067043
177717 AprCapt. James Fraizer’s delinquent list072046
  (a repeat of image 46) 047
  Capt. Fraizer fined083052
  The county was divided into four battalions: Upper, Middle, & Lower between the North and South Mountains; and the fourth “over the mountains.”  Captain Fraizer fell into the Fourth Battalion, along with Captain Cogger (Coger/Coker)  
  Captain Fraizer is not listed after this date.  
177828 OctCapt. Thompson’s Delinquents: Ensign James Fraizer fined for appearing without a sword at a private muster, 5 May 1778; Samuel Fraizer Sen. fined five shillings not appearing on 5 May 1778106-07064
177915 AprCapt. Thompson’s Delinquents: Saml Frazer, John Frazer for not appearing at Private Muster on 3 Apr 1779126-27074
  Capt. Johnston’s Delinquents: David Fraizer, not appearing on 19 Nov 1778129075
1779 List of Fines from 15 Oct 1777: George Fraizer of Capt. Gray’s Co., fined 5 Shillings136079
177927 OctCapt. Robert Thompson’s Co: Saml Frazer, acquitted for not appearing 29 May 1779148085
  Capt. Smith’s Delinquents: Nath’l Pue (See 1814 Will of James Frazier)152087
178029 MarCapt. Johnston’s Delinquents: David Frazer, not appearing 27 Nov 1779; also not appearing Dec 1779; Nicholas Spring, acquitted (see 1803 Will of Samuel Frazier)169096
178024 OctJohnston’s Co: David Frazier, Sergt, fined for not appearing 10 Apr 1780; Nicholas Spring mentioned184103
  Capt. Finley (or Findley) appears to have replaced Capt. Thompson  
178026 OctCapt. Findley’s Delinquents: 2nd Lt. James Fraizer find 25 L Samuel Frazier, acquitted; Samuel Fraizer Junr, acquitted; John Frazer, acquitted for not appearing 15 Apr 1780194108
  Samuel Fraizer, Junr, fined; James Fraizer, Junr, fined for not appearing 24 Jun 1780; James Fraizer Junr fined for not appearing 26 Aug 1780  
178123 AugSamuel Fraizer of Capt. Finley’s Company fined for Deserting from Capt. Given’s Comp. then under command of Brig. Gen. Campbell, guilty, 6 mos. David Fraizer of Capt. Johnston’s Co. for same.210116
  Capt. Finley’s Delinquents: John Fraizer, guilty, to serve six months212117
  Capt. Finley is not present from 10 Oct 1781, Capt. Finley summoned214 224118 123
178214 MarCapt. Charles Baskins has replaced Capt. Zach. Johnston Capt. Finley’s Delinquents: Not appearing 29 Dec 1781, Montigue Allen, John Campbell Sr; Lt. James Frazer, summoned230126
17829 OctCapt. Baskins is present, Capt. Finley is not.236129
178210 OctLt. James Frazier fined for “not attending fully to execute the Return of Delinquents of Capt. Finley.”240131
  Capt. Baskin’s Delinquents: Samuel Fraizer for not appearing 27 Apr 1782241131
17826 JulyFinley and Baskins are present243132
178326 MarFinley present, no Baskins244133
 25 MayLt. James Frazer, Mountigue Allen, John Campbell Jr244-45134
178323 OctCapt. Finley’s Delinquents: Not appearing 29 Mar 1783, Lt. James Fraizer, acquitted; No appearing 5 Apr 1783, Lt. James Fraizer, acquitted; John Campbell Jr, fined250137
178425 MarCapt. Finley’s Delinquents, no appearing 25 Oct, 1783 and 24 Nov 1783, John Campbell Jr.; No Fraziers named258141
178725 NovCapt. James Fraizer listed at court, appears to have replaced Capt. Finley.263143
178725 NovCapt. James Frazer (Name spelled this way from here on)267145
178829 OctCapt. James Frazer listed. “Nicholas Spring of Capt. Smiths’ Co. exempted from Militia duty in ans. Of age & infirmity.271147
178920 MarCapt. James Frazer272148
  Capt. James Frazer’s Delinquents; private muster 28 Feb 1789274149
178911 NovCapt. James Frazer275149
179016 AprCapt. James Frazer Delinquents from Regimental Muster 15 Apr 1790279151
179015 OctCapt. James Frazer; Delinquents from 27 Feb 1790, 24 Apr 1790, 28 Aug 1790, and a Regimental Muster 14 Oct 1790281152
179427 OctCapt. James Frazier (Name spelled with the –IER)283153
  Capt. Frazier’s exemptions and delinquents285154
179412 DecCapt. James Frazier present289157
  According to Chalkley Vol I, p 480: Capt. James Frazier resigned his commission 16 Dec 1794; the company was divided into two with Alexander Hall, Captain of one; and Thomas Calbreath, Captain of the men from Long Meadow and Christian’s Creek.  
179429 NovCapt. Alexander Hall’s Delinquents for 29 Nov 1794: Monticue Allen, David Frazier296161
179521 OctList of Fines for 1st Battalion from 1795: David Frazier312 313169  
179619 MayMonticue Allen named in Capt. Saml Steel’s Company323174
179621 OctCapts. Alexander Hall and Thomas Coldbreath325175
  Capt. Caldbreath’s Delinquents: John Frazier Capt. Alex. Hall’s Delinquents: Monticue Allen330178
  Book 2, 1807-1812  
181212 NovSaml Frazer, fines remitted. 62216

Who are these Fraziers?  Careful analysis of the book with corresponding records have separated several of these men into family groups. 

A. Samuel Frazier, Sr.

Samuel Frazier, listed in 1756, is the same man who purchased 440 acres of land from John Caldwell on 19 March, 1760,[11] land which was originally Samuel Hughes land received from Lord Beverly in 1742.[12]  This land was on Christian’s Creek and adjoined the lands of Rev. James Anderson and John Hutchinson “in the poison field.”  (The Rev. James Anderson’s land was later granted to John Frazier and Robert Moody in 1749.[13]  Thus, Samuel Frazier, Sr. owned land that eventually adjoined the lands of Samuel Frazier (E. Samuel below) and James Frazier (J. James below) of Long Meadow.)  Samuel Frazier is called Samuel Frazier, Senior, on tax lists to distinguish him from two younger Samuels—one, the son of John Frazier just mentioned, and the other likely the son of Samuel Sr.  All three Samuel’s are listed in the 1777 Tithables list.[14]  In 1782, when tax lists for Virginia were mandated by government, Samuel Frazier Sr. is listed, and Samuel Jr. can be identified as the son of John Frazier and Isabella Moody.[15]  It is important to realize that Senior and Junior in old records simply means older and younger—not father and son.  The suffix is added only to differentiate two men with the same name. 

Samuel Frazier, Sr. had sons born in the mid-1750s, and perhaps older children, so his estimated birth year would be before 1730.  Samuel Frazier, Sr. left a will recorded in 1803.[16]  He named his wife, Mary, sons James (called James Jr in tax lists) and William, and two daughters, Jean and Ann.  He appears to be the father of John Frazier of Rockbridge County (born 1755 on Christian’s Creek[17]), and probably another Samuel Frazier who shows up next to John on Rockbridge tax lists.[18] 

B. James Frazier of Amherst County

The name James Fraizer appears in the Militia records in 1771.  At this time in Augusta County, there were possibly five men called James Frazier.  The James listed in Capt. McDowell’s 1771 delinquents was in a company with Samuel Paxton.[19]  There is a 1779 record of a suit between David Edmonston vs. James Frazer and Samuel Paxton which states that “Frazer lives in Amherst.”[20]  The 1782 tax list for Amherst County lists a Micajah Frazier[21] and a James Frazier.[22]  This may indicate that this James was a brother to Micajah, and thus a son of Robert Frazier and Clara Frances Graham.[23] 

C. David Frazier

The name David is more common in the Augusta records than expected, and there is no direct evidence they are connected.  A David Frazier is listed in Capt. Daniel Smith’s Company in 1776.  In the 1777 tithables list, two Davids are named—one in bounds of Capt. Thompson, Johnston, and Thomas Smith, and the other in Capt. Daniel Smith’s list.[24]  Obviously, the latter is the same man from the Militia book.  Also in Daniel Smith’s list of tithables are John Frazier, Joseph Frazier, and George and Henry Armentrout.  George Armentrout died in Botetourt County, and Henry died in Rockingham County.  This leads to the belief that Daniel Smith’s Company was a group of men who lived in other counties as they were carved from Augusta.  Captain James Frazier, discussed next, had an older brother, David, who lived in Albemarle County in 1764. Perhaps this is that brother.  If so, David was the oldest son of William and Amy Nalle Frazier, and married a woman named Barbara.[25]

D. James, the son of William and Amy Nalle Frazier—The First Capt. Frazier.

On 17 October 1776, Captain James Frazier is listed for the first time on page 67 of the Militia book.  He had good company, another captain was Captain Abraham Linkhorn (Lincoln)—the grandfather of President Abraham Lincoln. 

The first Captain James Frazier is surely the son of William and Amey Nalle Frazier.  There are several pieces of evidence which confirm this.  First, the Augusta court records for August 22, 1764, state: James Frazier, qualifies administrator for his father, Wm. Frazier.[26]  The week prior, the widow Amy, and the eldest son, David, had relinquished their right to administer on the estate to James.[27]  Witnesses and sureties for James Frazier, were Michael Coger (or Coker) and Stephen Conrad, and Robert Frazier—the father of A. James Frazier above.  On 15 May 1764,[28] David Frazier sold to his brother, James, 220 acres of the father’s land.[29]

                Besides, Abraham Lincoln, William Nalle, James Frazier’s first cousin, was also a captain in the militia.  On 20 August 1777, court records show that Captains Abraham Lincoln, William Nalle, and James Frazier, along with the several other captains in the county, were to make a list of the tithables in their districts or companies.[30]  This 1777 tithables list is extant and available to view at[31]  The heading for the page for Capt. James Frazier’s list actually calls him John Frazar, but the court record confirms that this is actually Capt. James.  Furthermore, no other Fraziers are listed in the list, but James who is shown with 220 acres.  The names in the tithables list match names in the captain’s list of delinquents from muster. 

                Names listed on both lists are marked with an asterisk:  Robert Asberrey, Henry Armentrought,*(as Hermantrout)[32] Lewis Rinehart,*[33] Henry Thornhill,*[34] David Roach,*(as Rotch) Peter Runkle,*[35] William Smith,* Ruben Roach jnr,* John Mungar,* Micajia Smith, Bowlen Lee, R.Ryan, John Hissling, Henry Mills, Martin Crawford,* Geo. Hull, Abraham Rue, Jno. Meadows, Zephaniah Lee, Ance Ammon, Henry Hammer,* William Meadows, John Lawn, Henry Huffman, & Lewis Workman.[36]

Many of these names are also noted in Rockingham County records, and it suggests that this company came from the northeast corner of old Augusta, which became Rockingham County in 1778.

The Rockingham land tax list for 1782 lists James Frazier with his 220 acres of land.[37]  Rockingham court records show that James and his wife, Elizabeth, sued James McMullen for Slander in Rockingham County in April 1791.  James and Elizabeth sold their 220 acres to Adam Sellers in 1787.  James Frazier last appears on the Rockingham lists in 1787.[38]  In 1788, Adam Sellers is listed with 220 acres noted on the list as “from frasher.”[39]

                James and Elizabeth Frazier moved to Bourbon, then Fayette County, Kentucky.  A Bourbon County, Kentucky, land grant for over 4000 acres lists James Frazier, Michael Coger, Henry Miller, and Philip Moyers as grantees.[40]  The Fayette County, Kentucky tax lists show James Frazier in 1788, next to or near William and David Frazier.  A Joseph and George Frazier are listed in Fayette County.

                Online researchers say that Elizabeth’s maiden name was Berry.[41]

Fraziers of Capt. Robert Thompson’s Company: Samuel, John, Samuel Jr., and James Jr.

Between 1778 until well after the Revolutionary War, two families of Fraziers are represented in Capt. Robert Thompson’s Company.  The most prominent was Ensign James Frazier, promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, then Captain—he will be discussed separately.  His brothers, Samuel and John are also listed.  In the same time period, men listed as Samuel Jr. and James Jr. show up. A David Frazier who appears in 1780-1781 has not been attached to either family.

E. Samuel Frazier of Capt. Thompson’s Company

Although it is possible that the Samuel Frazier from 1756 was still active in militia duty, he would have been in his upper 40s.  No exemption from duty has been found, but the man was probably too old to be the Samuel listed in 1778.  On 28 October 1778, a Samuel Frazier, Senr was fined for not appearing at muster in May.  Also fined was Ensign James Frazier.  These two men were brothers, sons of an older John Frazier who had died before 1755.[42] In 1762, Samuel, the older brother, sold to James 236 acres of land.[43]  In the 1777 tithables list, Jas. Fraizer and Saml Fraizer—each with 236 acres of land—Saml Fraizer Senr, John Fraizer, and Saml Fraizer Junr are named in the bounds of Capts. Robert Thompson, Zachariah Johnston, and William Smith. 

The fluidity of the usage of Senior and Junior on these Samuels can be problematic.  There are three Sams listed as tithables—Samuel Sr, Samuel Jr. and a third Samuel.  In this case, the oldest Samuel is the man of Christian’s Creek (A. Samuel Frazier above).  The Samuel listed with 236 acres is the next oldest, born in the 1730s, and brother to James.  The third Samuel, called Samuel Jr. is the youngest of the three—he has to be the son of Samuel Sr. (A. Samuel above) because none of the other adult Fraziers had children of age. (James and John had no children, and Samuel’s children were too young to be serving militia duty or listed as tithables.)

However, in Capt. Thompson’s company there were two Samuels listed.  If we rule out Samuel of Christian’s Creek for being too old, we are left with Samuel (brother of James) and this Samuel Jr. from the tithables.  In this case, the older Samuel is the brother of James—so he is called Samuel Senr, and the younger is called Samuel Jr. 

Samuel (brother of James) married to Isabellena, and had children: John Watkins, Samuel Craig, James, and Isabella.[44]  He is consistently called Samuel Jr. on tax lists because Samuel of Christian’s Creek was also listed.[45]  (The third Samuel did not appear on Augusta tax lists.) Samuel Jr. of Long Meadow died in 1788 or 1789, and his widow is listed on the tax lists beginning in 1789.[46]

F. John Frazier of Captain Thompson’s Company

Two contemporary John Fraziers are listed in the 1777 tithables list.  One is John Frazier, the brother of Samuel (E. Samuel Frazier) and Capt. James (J. James Frazier).  The other John Frazier (N. John Frazier) is listed in the “Calf Pasture” of Augusta County which later became Rockbridge County, and he is listed in Rockbridge from 1782 through the 1830s. Therefore, the John Frazier listed in the militia book for Augusta must be the brother of Samuel and James, not the Rockbridge man.  This John Frazier lived with his uncle, Robert Moody, and took care of Moody’s estate.[47] 

                John Frazier left a will written 24 May 1809, and recorded on 26 June 1809.[48]  He was never married, and left his land to his nephews and nieces, the sons of Samuel Frazier (E. Samuel).  His brother, Capt. James Frazier (J. James), administered his estate.

G. Samuel Frazier, Junr of Captain Thompson’s Company

                This Samuel Frazier appears on the 1777 tax list, and in the militia book, but not on any Augusta County tax lists.  He fits only as a son of Samuel Frazier Sr. (A. Samuel).  First, Samuel Sr. was the only Frazier man in the Christian’s Creek and Long Meadow area to have of age children at this time. Samuel Jr. is mentioned on 23 August 1781 as deserting his company, for which he served an additional six months.[49] 

Militia Record of 32nd Regiment, p 210.

The Revolutionary War pension application of one John Campbell names Sam Frazier as his “messmate.”[50] Campbell was indeed in Capt. Finley’s company.  Additionally, Monticue Allen was another member of this company.  Monticue Allen was the son of Robert Allen who died in 1791 and left a will naming Monticue as well as other children, including a daughter, Ann Frazier.[51]  Ann Allen must have been the wife of this Samuel Frazier [52] who likely appears in Rockbridge County in 1784[53] next to John Frazier, son of Samuel Sr. of Christian’s Creek.  That Samuel later moved to Kanawha County, living in the part that became Mason County where he died.[54] 

H. James Frazier, Junr of Captain Thompson’s Company

James Frazier, Jr. is definitely the son of Samuel Frazier Sr. of Christian’s Creek.[55]  He was born about 1757 and would have started militia duty in 1773 at age 16.  He married in 1785 to Winniford Coursey, daughter of James Coursey.[56]  He is listed in Augusta County tax lists, deeds, and named in his father’s will.[57]  In 1814, he oversaw the administration of the estate of his relative, Capt. James Frazier (J. James Frazier).[58]

                James Frazier was also the guardian for B. Franklin Frazier, the illegitimate son of Samuel Craig Frazier (son of E. Samuel Frazier).[59]  James and his family, along with Franklin, moved to Tippecanoe County, Indiana.  He died there on 26 September 1829[60] and is buried next to Winney at the Baer Cemetery near Shadeland, Indiana.[61]

I.  David Frazier of Captain Thompson’s Company

                The few David Fraziers listed in the Militia book give no direct evidence as to who they were or who their family was.  It is likely that this David listed in Capt. Thompson’s Company in 1780 is the same man who appears in Capt. Hall’s company in 1795—Thompsons was replaced by Finley, who was replaced by Frazier, who was replaced by Hall in 1794.   It is unlikely this is the son of William and Amy Nalle Frazier who married Barbara—that man would be too old, and had probably moved to Kentucky with his brother James (see B. James above). 

                Since this other David is listed in tax lists,[62] and is near the Christian Creek family of Frazier, perhaps he is another son of Samuel Frazier Sr.  However, the Christian Creek and Long Meadow men were in Capt. Calbreath’s company, and David was in Alexander Hall’s company, so he was not too near the other Fraziers.  Samuel’s son, James Jr., did name a son David, so that name is connected to that family group somehow.  No other evidence gives any clues to his parentage.

J. James Frazier, Son of John and Isabelle, the Second Captain James Frazier

                From 1782 -1814, when tax lists of Augusta list Capt. James Frazier, they refer to James the son of John and Isabelle, and the younger brother of Samuel (E. Samuel above).  James must have been at least 21 in 1762 when his older brother Samuel sold to him 236 acres of their father’s land.[63]  This puts James’ birth at bef. 1741.  He married Ann Gay, daughter of Henry Gay, before 1769 when Henry and his wife, Martha, deeded land to James.[64] (Ann’s sister, Jane, married John Frazier (N. John below) of Rockbridge County, son of Samuel Sr or Christian’s Creek (A. Samuel above).)

                James appears in the Militia record book on 28 October 1778 as Ensign James Fraizer in Capt. Robert Thompson’s Company.  He was fined for “appearing without a sword at a private muster, 5 May 1778.[65]  By 1780, Thompson had been replaced by Capt. William Finley, and James was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant.[66] On Mar 21, 1787, James Frazier was recommended to be made Captain.[67] He took over for Finley. James held his commission as captain until Dec 16 1794 when he resigned.[68] His company was then divided with half—the men from Christian’s Creek and Long Meadow—under the command of Thomas Calbreath, and the other half under Alexander Hall.

                In honor of his service, and apparently from the respect of the citizens, James was called Captain until his death in 1814.   Besides tax lists, there are court records that call him Captain.  Chalkley presents the following in his second volume: Capt. James Frayzer of Long Meadow, given a book as evidence in case Moffett v. McPheeters, 1799 and 1802.[69]

His will, written 19 June 1810, and recorded on 23 May 1814,[70] names his wife, Ann, who died a few months later.[71]  James had no children and left his estate to his nephews and nieces (the children of E. Samuel Frazier) and their children. 

K. Other Fraziers in 32 Regt: George Frazier

George Fraizer of Capt. Gray’s Company was fined 5 shillings between Oct 1777 and 1779.  There were George Fraziers named in other Augusta County records, but no additional information has connected this George to a family group. 

Other records naming a George Frazier include the Capt. George Frazier who married Sally Francisco, 1786,[72] and the George who was deposed in Botetourt County in 1787 in the Augusta Chancery case of Poage vs Borland.[73]  No Georges appear in the tax lists, so the exact relationship, if any is unknown.

L. The Next Generation:  Samuel Frazer, 1812

Book 2 of the Militia records of the 32nd Regiment covers the years 1807-1812.  There is only one reference to the Fraziers:  Samuel Frazer had his “fines remitted” on 12 Nov 1812. 

                By 1812, there was only one Samuel Frazier of age in Augusta—Samuel Craig Frazier, the son of Samuel (E. Samuel) and Isabellena.  Samuel Craig Frazier died by May 24, 1813 leaving a widow, Polly, who later married Peter Firebaugh.[74]  Samuel left his estate to Polly and to his illegitimate son Franklin[75] who was barely a year old.[76]

M. James Frazer buried in Bethel Presbyterian Church Cemetery

                Although, this is a James Frazier buried in Augusta County, Virginia, it is not Capt. James Frazier of Long Meadow, nor Capt. James of Rockingham (who died in Kentucky).  This James has a tombstone honoring his service as a Private in Capt. Booker’s Company, 11th Virginia Infantry.[77] 

This James Frazer is never mentioned in the Militia Book for the 32nd Regiment.  He was not originally from Augusta County.  This James has many records to prove his service in the Revolutionary War.[78]  A list of those records shows he enlisted on 28 January 1777, possibly in Amelia County, Virginia, for three years.  He first served as a private, then drummer or fifer, and finally sergeant in Edwin Hull’s Company, Company F, of the 15th Virginia Regiment, under Lt. Col. James Innes.  After Hull’s company was absorbed into Gustavus Wallace’s company, James was reduced to a Private on 26 Dec 1777.  February through May, 1778, the company was at Valley Forge.  In May 1778, the 11th and 15th Regiments of Virginia were combined into the 11 and 15th.  Under command of Lt. Col. John Cropper, the company moved to Paramus and White Plains.  Gen. Daniel Morgan commanded in August 1778, and Capt. Samuel Booker was installed over the 11th (1778-79) first under Morgan, and later under Abraham Buford. The company camped in Newark, then to Pompton Plains, and Middlebrook, New Jersey.   James Frazier is noted as “on furlough to Virginia” from November 1778 through May 1779.  Upon his return, the 11th, now called the 5 and 11, still under Capt. Samuel Booker, but now under Lt. Col. William Russell, were on command in Smith’s Clove, New York; Ramapough, New Jersey and Haverstraw, New York.  The last slip for James Frazier is dated December 1779.  His term of enlistment would expire in January 1780.

                His burial at Bethel Presbyterian seems mysterious because he does not appear in Augusta County tax lists, deeds, or probate records.  His birth and death are not given on his Revolutionary War commemorative tombstone.  In the same cemetery are buried John Frazier (1750 – 11 Jul 1832)[79] and his wife, Margaret (1761 -18 Jan 1843),[80] again, names that do not appear in the records of Augusta, yet these people must have had some connection at least to the Middlebrook church.   The origin of this James is undetermined.

N. John Frazier of Rockbridge

                According to his Revolutionary War pension application,[81] John Frazier was born in 1755 on Christian’s Creek in Augusta County, Virginia.  At that time, Samuel Frazier, Sr. (A. Samuel) lived on Christian’s Creek.  For that reason, it has been assumed that John is a son of Samuel.  John is the husband of Jane Gay, daughter of Henry and Martha Gay[82] of the Calf Pasture, an area that later became Rockbridge County.[83]  Jane is the sister of Ann Gay Frazier, the wife of Capt. James Frazier (J. James).  This is proven in court depositions of 9 June 1820, where John and Jane are questioned about property owned by her sister.[84] 

                John served under Capt. George Mathews, who is named in the Militia Records book as late as 1771,[85] but John is not named in the delinquent lists. John is listed in the 1777 Tithables list in the Calf Pasture,[86] and his affidavit confirms that he lived there. The Calf Pasture section of Augusta became Rockbridge County in 1778.  John also served under Capt. James Buchanan in the command of Col. John Bowyer.  Other men in Buchanan’s company included George Gall.[87]  Buchanan, Bowyer, Gall (as Gaul), and John Frazier are all listed in the 1782 tax list of Rockbridge.[88] 

                John Frazier applied for pension on 6 November 1832 and again on 1 July 1833.[89]  The Pension Roll of 1835, shows he received $20.00 annual allowance, starting 4 April 1834.[90]  He died after 1834.

                His wife died before 4 October 1836, and left land to their four children: James, Henry, Samuel, and Jane, wife of John Hull. [91]

[1] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Oct 1922, Vol 30, No 4 (Oct 1922), pp 385-402.


[3] Von Steuben.

[4] Von Steuben, p. 89.

[5] The link to the book is

[6] Regulations for the order and discipline of the troops of the United States: to which is added, an appendix, containing the United States militia act, passed in Congress, May, 1792; and the act for forming and regulating the militia in New-Hampshire. United States. War Department Inspector General’s Office. Contributor(s): Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794. Printed at Exeter [N.H.]: By Henry Ranlet, 1794.

References to the online copy at

[7] Douthatt, James. Augusta County, Virginia: Militia Court Records, 1755-1790. Mountain Press, 2018.

[8] Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of Scotch-Irish in Virginia.  This three-volume set of published abstracts of early records of Augusta County can be found in book form at many genealogy libraries, digitized online ( and at References in Footnotes are to Chalkley with volume and page number.


[10] Note the deed of Joshua Russell to Robert Russell, 1780, witnessed by Samuel and James Frazier—probably Samuel Sr. and his son, James—Deed Book 23 p 337

[11] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 8, p 285.

[12] Orange Co VA Deed Book 5, p 92.

[13] See “Analysis: John Frazier and Robert Moody in Beverly Manor.”

[14] From the list by William Bowyer in the bounds of Capt. Robt Thompson, Capt. Zachariah Johnston, and Capt. Thomas Smith’s Companies. Augusta Co VA, List of Tithables, 1777-78:

[15] Personal property tax lists of Augusta County, 1782-1851. Virginia. Commissioner of the Revenue (Augusta County).

[16] Augusta Co VA Will Book 9, p303.

[17] See pension application of John Frazier of Rockbridge County, S17964 VA,


[19] Paxton’s widow’s application for pension,; See the Pension List of 1835, Vol. III, p 831, listing Samuel Paxton, dying 1833 in Rockbridge County.

[20] Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of Scotch-Irish in Virginia, Vol. I, p. 373. Link:

[21] Amherst County, VA, Tax List, 1782, p. 10.

[22] Amherst County, VA, Tax Lists, 1782, p. 12.



[25] See Chalkley, Vol. III, p. 86 (David Frazier and Amy Frazier to James Frazier, land of father, William, with Michael Coger as witness). Also Vol. III, p. 477, 522, and 596, which prove the relationship of David to William and Amy.

[26] Chalkley, Vol. I, p. 115.

[27] Chalkley, Vol. III, p. 86. 

[28] Son of Martin Nalle, Jr., brother to Amy Nalle Frazier.

[29] Chalkley, Vol. III, p. 410.

[30] Chalkley, Vol. I, p. 93. 

[31] Augusta Co VA, List of Tithables, 1777-78:

[32] Records in Rockingham County. Died in Rockbridge County.

[33] Records in Rockingham County.

[34] Records in Rockingham County.

[35] Death in Rockingham County.

[36] Militia Book, p 72 (img 46/218) Capt. James Fraizer’s Delinquents, 17th Day of April 1777

[37] Rockingham County, VA, Land Tax, 1782.

[38] Rockingham County, VA, Land Tax 1787B, p 13.


[40] Bourbon County, KY, Survey Book 1, p 156.


[42] Widow Frazier is named in 1755 processioning list, next to Robert Moody.  See this link to, and the widow Frazer listed next to Robert Moody.

[43] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 10, p 296.

[44] See Last Will and Testament of John Frazier, Augusta Co, VA, Will Book 10, p 276 and James Frazier Will Book 11, p 368.

[45] See article No. 3, “Multiple Samuel Fraziers in Early Augusta County, Virginia.

[46] Augusta County VA Tax List, 1789b, p 5, line 31. “Frazor bellinah.”

[47] Augusta County VA Tax List, 1787b, p 6, line 5: “[Frazor John] for the estate of Robert Moody Dec~.”

[48] Augusta Co, VA, Will Book 10, p 276.

[49] Militia Record of 32nd Regiment, p 210.

[50]; “that the men of one tent mess together” from Steuben, p. 46.

[51] Augusta County VA Will Book 7, p 328.

[52] See Article No 2: Ann, the Wife of Samuel Frazier of Frazier’s Bottom.

[53] Rockbridge Co VA Tax List 1784, p 21, lines 17 and 18 showing John Frazer and Samuel Frazer in Capt. Elliott’s Company.

[54] See Article No.1: Samuel Frazier of Frazier’s Bottom, West Virginia.

[55] Augusta Co, VA Deed Book 30, p 263 confirms that James Frazer is the son of Samuel and Mary Frazer.

[56]  Chalkley, Vol II, p 280. James Fraser to Winny Corrsy, daughter of James Corrsy, 10 May 1785.

[57] Augusta Co VA Will Book 9, p303.

[58] Augusta Co VA Chancery Case 1823-099, Frazier v. Frazier. Virginia Memory collection.  Library of Virginia. Images 88-89.

[59] Augusta Co VA Chancery Case 1824-044, Frazier v. Firebaugh. Virginia Memory Collection. Library of Virginia.

[60] Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 26 April 2021), memorial page for James Frazer (1757–26 Sep 1829), Find a Grave Memorial ID 5045136, citing Baer Cemetery, Shadeland, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, USA ; Maintained by David R. Cheesman, Sen. (contributor 13482137) .

[61] Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 26 April 2021), memorial page for Winneford Frazer (1763–17 Aug 1830), Find a Grave Memorial ID 11825768, citing Baer Cemetery, Shadeland, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, USA ; Maintained by L. A. C. (contributor 46486104) .

[62] A study of Augusta Tax lists shows two Davids in 1777 tithables.  No David is listed again until 1788, and fairly consistently until 1798.    Where he migrated is unknown.  A David listed in 1824 and 1825 is the son of James Frazier Jr. (H. James above).

[63] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 10, p 296.

[64] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 16, p 66.

[65] Militia Book of the 32nd Regiment, p 107 (img 64/218)  (28 Oct 1778, p 106)

Capt. Thompson’s Delinquents:  “Ensign James Frazer find for appearing without a sword at a Private Muster 5th May 1778.

[66] Chalkley, Vol. I, p 202.

[67] Chalkley, Vol. I, p 248.

[68] Chalkley, Vol. I, p. 480-81.

[69] Chalkley Vol 2, p 370.

[70] Augusta Co VA, Will Book 11, p 368.

[71] Augusta Co VA Chancery 1823-099: Frazier v. Frazier. Virginia Memory collection.  Library of Virginia.  Image 59/168: “1814 June to clerk pd coffin for Mrs. Anne Frazier, dec’d…$10.00.”

[72] Chalkley, Vol II, p 280.

[73] Augusta Co VA Chancery 1788-003: Poage v. Borland. Virginia Memory collection.  Library of Virginia.

[74] Augusta Co VA Will Book 11, p 235.

[75] See Augusta Co VA Chancery 1823-030 and 1824-044, Guardian of Franklin Frazier v. Firebaugh. Virginia Memory collection.  Library of Virginia.

[76] The age of Franklin confirmed by his tombstone in Baer Cemetery, Shadeland, Tippecanoe County, Indiana.  Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 26 April 2021), memorial page for Benjamin F. Frazer (1812–27 Nov 1856), Find a Grave Memorial ID 11825804, citing Baer Cemetery, Shadeland, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, USA ; Maintained by L. A. C. (contributor 46486104) .

[77] Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 27 April 2021), memorial page for CPT James Frazier (unknown–unknown), Find a Grave Memorial ID 37807548, citing Bethel Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Middlebrook, Augusta County, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by LSP (contributor 46860931) .

[78] shows 59 slips for James Frazier of Virginia.  This man was in Booker’s Company as a Private.

[79] Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 27 April 2021), memorial page for John Frazier (1750–11 Jul 1832), Find a Grave Memorial ID 37807888, citing Bethel Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Middlebrook, Augusta County, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by LSP (contributor 46860931) .

[80] Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 27 April 2021), memorial page for Margaret Frazier (1761–18 Jan 1843), Find a Grave Memorial ID 37807309, citing Bethel Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Middlebrook, Augusta County, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by LSP (contributor 46860931) .


[82] Rockbridge County, VA, Will Book 1, p 46: Will of Henry Gay naming his son-in-law, John Freasher. Note that another John Frazer is a witness—this would be the brother of Capt. James Frazier, the husband of daughter, Ann.

[83] See pension affidavit: “At the time of entering into the service he resided in that part of Rockbridge called the Calf pastures.”

[84] Augusta Co VA Chancery Court Records, 1832-096, Frazier v. Frazier. Virginia Memory Collection.  Library of Virginia. Image 13/109, answer of John and Jane Frazier.

[85] Record Book of the 32nd Regiment, p 51 (image 35).

[86] Augusta County VA 1777 Tithables, Image 26-27, “a list of tithables and lands of the calfpasture…”


[88] Rockbridge Co VA, Tax List 1782, p3 Bowyer and Buchanan, p11 Frazier, p12 George Gaul.

[89] See Note 80.

[90] Pension List of 1835, Vol III, p 831. U.S., The Pension Roll of 1835 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: United States Senate. The Pension Roll of 1835.4 vols. 1968 Reprint, with index. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1992.

[91] Augusta Co, VA, Deed Book T, p360, 4 Oct 1836, James Frazier and Martha, his wife, to Henry Judy.  Land of Jane Frazier, names four heirs of Jane–James, Samuel, Henry, and Jane, wife of John Hull. 170a.

Re-Framing the Frazier Family Tree No. 3: Multiple Samuel Fraziers in Early Augusta County, Virginia

By Dann M. Norton (C) 2021

Multiple Samuel Fraziers in early Augusta County

The 1777 tithables list for Augusta County listed several Fraziers—the named spelled Fraizer on the record.  Below is a section of one page from the list by William Bowyer in the bounds of Capt. Robt Thompson, Capt. Zachariah Johnston, and Capt. Thomas Smith’s Companies.[1] 

Detail of 1777 Tax List of Augusta County, Virginia, with transcription, showing five Frazier men.

The immediate point to notice is that there are multiple Samuels in Augusta County at this time.  One of those Samuels owns 236 acres, another owns 400 acres, and the third owns no land. Using deed records, these men can be determined to belong to specific family groups. 

In 1762, Samuel Frazier sold to his brother, James Frazier, 236 acres[2] of a 472 acres tract that was granted to their father, John Frazier in 1749.[3]  This definitely pins the Jas Fraizer and Saml Fraizer with 236 acres each as the sons of this John.  John before 1755[4] leaving Samuel, his eldest, James, and at least two other children—John and Ann.  John and Ann lived with and worked for their uncle Robert Moody, and although Moody is not shown on the tithables list, John Frazier, the brother of Samuel and James, is listed with no land. In 1788, Samuel and his wife Isabella Helena sold an additional 74 acres of the father’s land to brother James;[5] this appears to indicate that Samuel was not married in 1762, but was by 1788.

Another Samuel Frazier is listed as Saml Fraizer Senr.  It is important to remember that in this time period, sobriquets such as Senior and Junior simply meant older and younger and did not indicate any familial relationships.  At the bottom of the list, is a Saml Fraizer Junr.  What this tells the reader is that there were three Samuels of age—over 21—in 1777.

The oldest of all three Samuels was Samuel Frazier, Sr.  who owned 400 acres of land.  This specifically connects Samuel, Sr. to a tract of land originally granted to one Samuel Hughes in 1742.[6]    In the original grant, filed in Orange County on 25 March 1741/2, William Beverly sold 440 acres to Samuell Hughes naming the corners of Pearson and Anderson, Wm Russell, and “John Hutchinsons in the poison field.”

In 1749, after this part of Orange County became Augusta County, Samuel Hughes sold the 440 acres to William Caldwell, naming the same corners, plus William Palmer’s corner, and “John Hutchinsons in the poison field, and listing Israel Christian as a witness.”[7] On 19 March, 1760, John Caldwell, apparently an heir of William, sold the entire tract to Samuel Frazier.[8]

The land of Hughes was adjoining to the land of John Frazier.[9]  Thus, Samuel Frazier, Sr., ended up owning land next to the other Samuel Frazier and his brother, James.

In 1765, Samuel Frazier (Sr) acquired another 205 acres of land on Christian’s Creek by order of the court, land that Alexander Gibson had purchased from Patrick McCallum in 1762.[10] 

Samuel Frazier, Sr. is listed in the tax lists of Augusta beginning in 1782, as is Samuel, the brother of James.  Since Samuel, the brother of James, was the younger of the two, he is called Samuel Jr. in the tax lists.  The third Samuel in 1777 is not found on the tax lists, but he may be the Samuel who appears in Rockbridge County starting in 1784, next to a John Frazer.  This John Frazier was married to Jane Gay; Jane’s sister, Ann, was married to James Frazier above, suggesting the two Frazier families may be related.[11]

Samuel Frazier Senior first appears on a 1756 militia list in Capt. Israel Christian’s company.[12]  He made the two land transactions in 1760 and 1765, as shown above.  He appears on the tax lists from 1782 until 1802.[13]  His will was recorded on 26 September 1803,[14] and in the 1803 tax list, his widow, Molly, is named.[15]  The widow is also enumerated on the 1810 census of Augusta County as Marry Fraser.[16]

Samuel Frazier, Jr. appears on the tax lists from 1782 until 1788.[17]  He died, and in 1789, his widow Bellinah is named.[18]  In subsequent lists, she is called Isabella, Bella, and Isabellina. 

1789 Tax List of Augusta County, Virginia, showing Samuel Frazier’s widow, Bellinah.

Chancery Court records show that James Fraizer Sr, who was the son of Samuel, Sr. was the administrator of the estate of Captain James Frazier, the brother of Samuel, Jr.  In the record, James Sr. states that he was a “distant relation” to Capt. James.[19]  If that relationship was first cousin, then John Frazier, the grantee of 1749, was a brother to Samuel, Sr. of Christian Creek.

The third Samuel—called Samuel Junr. in 1777—very likely was the son of Samuel Sr.  He would have been the youngest of all three, but he does not show up in the tax lists of Augusta.  Samuel Sr. is usually designated as living on Christian’s Creek in Augusta.  John Frazier of Rockbridge County, stated in his application for Revolutionary War pension that he was born in 1755 on Christian’s Creek.[20]  This would place him in Samuel Sr.’s family, as well as, this third Samuel Frazier listed next to John in 1784-1788 in Rockbridge. That the Samuel Jr. of 1777 and John of Rockbridge are brothers is only conjectured here.

A Revolutionary War pension application for John Campbell[21] mentions a Sam Frazier as his “messmate.”  Campbell gives his birth as 1765, and states he was placed on the muster rolls at age 15.  His father’s name was Andrew Campbell, and he was in Capt. William Finley’s company.  Both Andrew Campbell and William Finley are listed in the previous column of names on the same page as the Fraziers in the 1777 tithable list.   

Samuel Sr. would have been too old to join the ranks in 1780. Samuel (husband of Isabellana) was at least 41 if not older, so probably too old to be fighting as well. (His birth being estimated in the late 1730s to 1741 based on his land transaction in 1762, thus he was over 21 in that year).  That leaves Samuel “Junr” of 1777, possible son of Samuel Sr, as the best candidate for the Revolutionary War soldier.  (DAR applicants have listed Samuel Sr. as a patriot for supplying beef to the troops.[22] The online data does not indicate how this was determined to be Samuel Frazier of Christian’s Creek as opposed to Samuel Frazier of Long Meadow.)

Based on additional details in Chancery Court records, deeds, and tax lists, the two Samuel’s families can be listed:

[1] Augusta Co VA, List of Tithables, 1777-78:

[2] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 10, p 296.

[3] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 2, 1748-1750, p 464.

[4] Widow Frazier is named in 1755 Processioning list, next to Robert Moody.  See this link to, and the widow Frazer listed next to Robert Moody.

[5] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 26, p 140.

[6] Orange Co VA Deed Book 5, p 92.

[7] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 2, 1748-1750, p 600.

[8] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 8, p 285.

[9] The website has maps for early landowners in Augusta County.  The maps are copyrighted and the work of J.R. Hildebrand.  This link shows a map of Samuel Hughes’ land adjoining John Frazier.

[10] Augusta Co VA Deed Book 10, p 481.

[11] In a chancery suit, Augusta County 1832-096, image 6, James Frazier, the son of Samuel Sr. calls himself a “distant relation” to James Frazier, the brother of Samuel (md. to Isabellana).  See Note 19.

[12] Militia court records of the 32nd regiment, 1756-1812, Augusta County, VA, p 1.

[13] Personal property tax lists of Augusta County, 1782-1851. Virginia. Commissioner of the Revenue (Augusta County).

[14] Augusta Co VA Will Book 9, p303.

[15] Augusta Co Va Tax List, 1803, p 10, line 6, “Molly Frazer (widow).”

[16] “United States Census, 1810,” database with images, FamilySearch ( : 1 December 2015), Virginia > Augusta > Not Stated > image 33 of 100; citing NARA microfilm publication M252, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[17] Personal property tax lists of Augusta County, 1782-1851. Virginia. Commissioner of the Revenue (Augusta County).

[18] Augusta County VA Tax List, 1789b, p 5, line 31. “Frazor bellinah.”

[19] Augusta County 1832-096, Frazier v. Frazier, Chancery Court Records. Virginia Memory Project.




[23] In an upcoming article, the evidence to show that Isabellana, wife of Samuel Frazier, was also a Frazier by birth—and not a Craig as suggested in online trees—will be presented.